facts about phillis wheatley

The most prevalent elements in her poems were Christianity; sun worship, which was practiced in her native land; and classicism, i.e. When the boat arrived, the girl was so thin and frail that the captain expected her to die soon. At the age of seven or eight, she was sold to a visiting slave trader who transported her to Boston, Massachusetts, the United States in July 1761. Although she cont… John Wheatley was a merchant and bo… Phillis Weatley was an African American slave brought from Africa to America with no rights but with a massive talent for the Comprehension of English. Phillis Wheatley. With help from Selina Hastings, the Countess of Huntingdon, Wheatley’s poetry collection was published in September 1773 in London. He took the young girl to Boston, Massachusetts on a ship called The Phillis, where she was sold We use our own and third party cookies to improve your experience and our services; and to analyze your use of our website. Susanna Wheatley, who had to travel to London due to her health, took Phillis along with her as she believed it was more likely that Phillis’ collection would be published there, England being more receptive to black authors. Phillis was freed from slavery by her master’s will. We wish you Good Health. In 1775, she sent a poem to George Washington titled “To His Excellency, George Washington”. Help 540WMain reach its goal of 100 monthly members. She was treated kindly in the Phillis Wheatley (1753-1784) was an enslaved woman from West Africa, who gained international fame for her book, Poems on Various Subjects, first published in London in 1733. Phillis was named after the slave ship that brought her to America. Being that Phillis Wheatley was a slave herself who was both black and female with large comprehension skills this sent a more powerful message for the African American culture. Interesting Facts About Phillis Wheatley. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Phillis was freed from slavery by her master’s will. She was also the third American woman whose work was published. Know more about the life and accomplishments of Phillis Wheatley though these 10 interesting facts. Yes this is very helpful!!! Susanna Wheatley died in 1774 and John Wheatley died in 1778. How old where her children when they died? His debut self help book "Happiness Decoded" was released in early 2014. Although she was an enslaved person, Phillis Wheatley Peters was one of the best-known poets in pre-19th century America. Phillis Wheatley was the first African American and the third woman in America to publish a book. I am doing a project about her and this definitely helped. It was published in the Newport Mercury. Recognition and success of her work was an important step for African American literature and Wheatley’s contribution to it cannot be overstated. Copyright @ Turiya Infotainment Private Limited. The Wheatley family in Boston bought her. A statue to honor Wheatley was erected at the. Phillis Wheatley (ca. Brought from Africa in 1761, she became a house slave for the Boston merchant John Wheatley and his wife Susanna, who, recognizing her intelligence and wit, educated her and encouraged her talent. Phillis adopted her master’s last name as was the custom for slaves who were given a surname. If you love 540WMain consider becoming a 540Monthly Member today. She was frail and had poor health during her entire life, she died at age 31. In 1775, she sent a poem to, #8 Wheatley was freed but struggled due to poverty, Susanna Wheatley died in 1774 and John Wheatley died in 1778. She was born in the middle of the eighteenth century, possibly in areas in or around Senegal. Phillis acquired her freedom in 1778 when John Wheatley died. do you know? They named the 8 year old girl Phillis after the ship that brought her to America. Historians believe that she was born around 1753 in Western Africa, modern day Gambia or Senegal. She did not speak English when she came to the Wheatley family. Synopsis. She was brought to the United States as a slave in 1761 aboard a ship called 'The Phillis'. However despite the attestation that she had written the poems, no American publisher was willing to publish her work. Crispus Attucks, killed in the Boston Massacre was the first casualty of the American Revolution. Through the efforts of the Wheatley family, of whom she’d eventually take their name, she was able to prove that this was a misconception. She worked as a maid in a boarding house. Several prominent figures of the time praised her work including George Washington, Benjamin Franklin and Brook Watson. They signed an attestation as proof of their judgement. Phillis, who suffered from poor health, was given unprecedented education for an enslaved person. Anirudh is a novelist, writer, seo expert and educationist. In 1784, John Peters was imprisoned for debt leaving Wheatley alone with their third child. Her infant child died shortly afterwards. Phillis Wheatley Facts Phillis Wheatley was the first African-American female poet to be published. Educated and enslaved in the household of prominent Boston commercialist John Wheatley, lionized in New England and England, with presses in both places publishing her poems, and paraded before the new republic’s political leadership and the old empire’s … She was captured as a child and sold into slavery. Facts about Phillis Wheatley Phillis Wheatley came to America on a slave ship and died in abject poverty; however, her works left an indelible impression that sowed the seeds for … In 1761, a frail child of seven or eight years, Phillis Wheatley came to America by slaveship from Senegal and was auctioned to Mrs. John Wheatley, wife of a prosperous Boston tailor. thank you for the artical because im writing an essay on Mrs. wheatley. Start studying Phillis Wheatley 10 facts. I’ve been in tears because of this essay I have to wright. Her writing was so exquisite that Bostonians did not believe she was the author of her work. She gained her name from the slave ship that brought her to America and the family that bought her. Washington wrote to Wheatley “however undeserving I may be of such encomium and panegyrick, the style and manner exhibit a striking proof of your great poetical Talents.” The following year he invited Wheatley to visit him at his headquarters in Cambridge. Facts about Poet Phillis Wheatley - age: 31, height, Salary, famous birthday, birthplace, horoscope, fanpage, before fame and family, all about Phillis Wheatley's personal life, and more. Many whites couldn’t believe that it was possible for an African slave to write quality poetry and hence Wheatley was required to defend authorship of her poems in court in 1772. With Learnodo he hopes to break the barriers of the education system and reach out to a limitless audience in a simple and cost effective way. Phillis Wheatley(May 8, 1753 – December 5, 1784) was a poet. “Some view our sable race with scornful eye, “Their color is a diabolic die.” Remember Christians, Negroes, black as Cain, maybe refin’d and join the angelic train.” Phillis Wheatley was able to change the world before the age of 20. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you accept their use. The Wheatleys were known to be liberal for the time. foundation of African American literature, taught how to read and write by Mary Wheatley, “Poems on Various Subjects, Religious and Moral”, Next – Timeline of the life of Phillis Wheatley>>, Poems on Various Subjects, Religious and Moral, Letter from George Washington to Phillis Wheatley, “To Mrs. Leonard on The Death of Her Husband”. Her date of birth and her African name are not known. Born in Senegal/Gambia in about 1753, poet Phillis Wheatley was brought to Boston, Massachusetts, on a slave ship in 1761 and was purchased by John Wheatley as a personal servant to his wife. Several prominent figures of the time praised her work including George Washington, Benjamin Franklin and Brook Watson. 2. Wheatley, Phillis, 1753?–1784, American poet, considered the first important black writer in the United States. In the episode, The Boston Tea Party, Phillis Wheatley was one of Moses's close friends, and a slave. I don’t know what I would do without this site! This was so helpful!! Phillis Wheatley corresponded with General George Washington in 1775… In 2005, a newly discovered letter written by Phillis Wheatley was acquired by a private collector for a reported $253,000… Her name is sometimes misspelled as Phyllis Wheatley, but Phillis Wheatley is correct. Phillis Wheatley was not only the first published African American woman but also one of the first published female poets of the United States. She was captured and sold to slavery when she was seven years old. following ancient Greek and Roman principles in writing. The Wheatleys renamed her "Phillis," which was the name of the ship that … Fun Facts. Phillis Wheatley: 8 interesting facts about the first female Afro-American poet 1. She didn’t go to college. In 1778, she married a free African American grocer named John Peters. It was the first writings by an African American woman to be published. On July 11, 1761, Wheatley was brought to Boston, Massachusetts on a slave ship called The Phillis. Phillis Wheatley is voiced by Tina Dixon She was born in Africa and sold to slavery but was fortunate to find an owner who encouraged her talents and ultimately liberated her. Phillis Wheatley was born around 1753 in Gambia, Africa. However, the couple struggled to make ends meet. She was sold from her village when she was only about seven years old and placed on a crowded, filthy boat bound for America. She was famous even during her time and was invited by George Washington to visit him. While yet in her teens, Phillis Wheatley became the first African American woman to publish a book of poetry, and the third woman in the American colonies to do so. A statue to honor Wheatley was erected at the Boston Women’s Memorial on the Commonwealth Avenue in 2003. woow rn im writing aspeh about Phillis Wheatley and this is extremely helpful!! Phillis Wheatley's grave is unmarkedIn 1770 Wheatley wrote a poetic tribute to George Whitefield that received widespread acclaim. We do not know exactly when and where Phillis was born. Thanks for your appreciation and happy to help you. as opposed to elitist culture. In 1770 Wheatley wrote a poetic tribute to the evangelist George Whitefield. Frederick Douglass was a fugitive slave who became an abolitionist and Civil Rights leader. A panel of 17 notable Bostonians verified her writing. When she was baptized she adopted her master’s last name, Wheatley. Hope that helps. The young girl who was to become Phillis Wheatley was kidnapped and taken to Boston on a slave ship in 1761 and purchased by a tailor, John Wheatley, as a personal servant for his wife, Susanna. However it is not known which country she was born in. Wheatley's poetry overwhelmingly revolves around Christian themes, with many poems dedicated to famous personalities. Little is known about Wheatley’s earliest years; it is estimated that she was bornin 1753in the area of West Africa that corresponds with modern-day Senegal. When Wheatley was only seven years old she was sold by a local chief to a visiting slave trader. The meeting took place in March, 1776. #2 Wheatley was named after the slave ship that brought her to U.S. #3 She started writing poetry by the age of thirteen, #4 Wheatley had to prove in court that her poems were written by her, Many whites couldn’t believe that it was possible for an African slave to write quality poetry and hence Wheatley was required to, #5 Her collection of poetry was published in 1773, By 1772, Phillis Wheatley had gathered a collection of her poems and was looking for a publisher. A slave ship took her to Boston, Massachusetts, in 1761. Her case was examined by a panel of influential thinkers and politicians of Boston who ultimately decided the poems which were attributed to her were indeed written by Wheatley. However despite the attestation that she had written the poems, no American publisher was willing to publish her work. Copyright Phillis Wheatley. Phillis Wheatley ‘s real name and date of birth are unknown. Wheatley died at the young age of 31. She was educated by the Wheatleys. Pop art includes imagery from popular culture, such as, advertising, cartoons, news etc. Thank you! Her writing was so exquisite that Bostonians did not believe she was the author of her work. Trivia. Click here Phillis Wheatley: The First Great American Writer… She was sold to John Wheatley, a wealthy Boston merchant and tailor, who bought her as a servant for his wife Susanna. She is a celebrity author. Phillis Wheatley Facts Facts about Famous People Summary:Phillis Wheatley was an African-American slave who was born in West Africa, she was taken from her home country as a child and transported to the United States by a slave ship. Know more about the life and accomplishments of Phillis Wheatley though these 10 interesting facts. Publication of her book made Wheatley famous in both England and the American colonies. Susannah Wheatley taught Phillis to read not only English but some Latin. It was perhaps because she had conflicting feelings about slavery. Personal Slave When she was 7 years old, Phillis Wheatley was brought to Boston, Massachusetts by a slave ship named “The Phillis”.She was bought by Susannah Wheatley, wife of John Wheatley. Although her exact birth location is not known, it was likely Gambia or Senegal. A 540Monthly Membership ensures that 540WMain is able to create and curate low cost/high impact educational content and programming rooted in antiracism, arts/culture & humanities, and wellness. were did she go when she got freed? With help from, #6 Phillis Wheatley is the first published African-American woman, #7 G. Washington invited her to visit him after she sent him one of her poems, Publication of her book made Wheatley famous in both England and the American colonies. Wheatley proved to many people that Blacks were equal to whites in creative ability. Publication of Wheatley’s book was a landmark achievement as it made her the first published African-American and the first U.S. slave to publish a book. Phillis Wheatley was born in Gambia on May 8, 1753, and died in Boston on December 5, 1784. By the time Phillis was 12 she published her first poem. She was born in West Africa. Even though the exact place of Wheatley’s birth is unknown, historians believe that she was born either in Gambia or Senegal. She was transported to the British colonies in 1763. Wheatley wrote her first poem when she was 13 and from the age of 14 her poems appeared in certain newspapers and periodicals in U.S. and Britain. July 13, 2015, cherran, Leave a comment. In 1773 a collection of 39 poems Wheatley had written, Poems on Various Subjects, Religious and Moral by Phillis Wheatley, Negro Servant to Mr. John Wheatley, of Boston, in New England, was published. Phillis Wheatley was the first African American and the third woman in America to publish a book. Facts. Who Was Phillis Wheatley? Phillis Wheatley facts. By the age of 9, she learned to read and write; and by the age of 12, she had become familiar with Latin and Greek. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Captured around the age of seven, she was sold to a distinguished Bostonian family as a domestic slave. I am making a poster for black history month and I got Phillis Wheatley! #1 She was captured and sold to slavery when she was 7 Though the date and place of her birth is not known with certainty, historians reckon that Phillis Wheatley was born in 1753 most likely in present-day Gambia or Senegal . Upon arrival in Boston, she was sold to a wealthy tailor, John Wheatley, who purchased her as a slave for his wife, Susannah Wheatley. All Rights Reserved. She was the first African-Americanperson to have a book published. Susanna Wheatley, who had to travel to London due to her health, took Phillis along with her as she believed it was more likely that Phillis’ collection would be published there, England being more receptive to black authors. Phillis Wheatley, the first black woman poet of note in the United States. That book, Poems on Various Subjects, Religious and Moral, became controversial twice. Wheatley’s poetry collection was titled Poems on Various Subjects, Religious and Moral. Phillis Wheatley died impoverished while her husband was jailed for debt; her last surviving child likely died not long after she did. The couple struggled to make ends meet and two of their three children died in infancy. The reasons behind it are debated. The book made her famous in England and the American colonies. She married a free African American grocer named John Peters. Many of Wheatley’s poems were dedicated to famous figures with one-third being elegies. Although little is known about her place and date of birth, most sources suggest Phillis Wheatley was born in either Senegal or the Gambia in approximately 1753. Phillis Wheatley, (born c. 1753, present-day Senegal?, West Africa—died December 5, 1784, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.), the first black woman poet of note in the United States. Publishers in Boston refused to publish a book by a slave. Make sure you guys appreciate us and don't forget to Like, Share and Subscribe. By 1772, Phillis Wheatley had gathered a collection of her poems and was looking for a publisher. The most prevalent elements in her poems were, #10 She made a phenomenal contribution to African American literature, Phillis Wheatley was not only the first African American to publish a book but also the first to achieve an international reputation as a writer and earn a living through her work. The Compromise of 1850 was one of the major events leading up to the American Civil War. His maiden novella “Teicos” is a thoughtful depiction of the development of society and is awaiting publication. When she was 7 or 8, she was sold as a slave to John and Susanna Wheatley of Boston. In a time when both American national identity and a body of American literature were merely nascent, Phillis Wheatley’s writing stands out for its strength of voice and mastery of the literary forms of the Enlightenment. 1753-1784), the first African American woman poet, was a celebrated literary figure in Boston during the Revolutionary era. Though the date and place of her birth is not known with certainty, historians reckon that Phillis Wheatley was born in 1753 most likely in present-day Gambia or Senegal. The Wheatleys educated Phillis and she soon mastered Latin and Greek, going on to write highly acclaimed poetry. In, #9 She rarely wrote about herself or slavery, Many of Wheatley’s poems were dedicated to famous figures with one-third being elegies. —Phillis Wheatley. Phillis Wheatley was the first published African-American female poet. Phillis Wheatley Peters, also spelled Phyllis and Wheatly (c. 1753 – December 5, 1784) was the first African-American author of a published book of poetry. Phillis was the first African American woman to make a living from her writings. Phillis Wheatley was not only the first African American to publish a book but also the first to achieve an international reputation as a writer and earn a living through her work. Phillis Wheatley was born in 1753 in West Africa. A lot of people said good things about the poem. Wheatley died at the age of 31 on December 5, 1784. Phillis Wheatley | 10 Facts On The African American Poet, #1 She was captured and sold to slavery when she was 7, Though the date and place of her birth is not known with certainty, historians reckon that Phillis Wheatley was born in. All Rights Reserved. Phillis Wheatley was born in West Africa. She houses James, Sarah, Henri and Moses in the stable when the group was escaping the British regulars, who mistakenly thought they were part of Samuel Adams's troublemaker group. 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Phillis was the first African American woman to make a living from her writings. While investigating facts about Phillis Wheatley Poems and Phillis Wheatley Biography, I found out little known, but curios details like:. Phillis Wheatley was born on May 8, 1753 (age 30) in Senegal. You have entered an incorrect email address! Critics note that she scarcely wrote about her life or slavery. The attestation which proved her authorship was included in the preface of the book. Before Phillis Wheatley, many people around the world felt like those with skin that was colored darker were of an inferior intelligence. It is believed that Phillis Wheatley was born in West Africa in 1753, which today would be Senegal or Gambia. Recognition and success of her work was an important step for African American literature and Wheatley’s contribution to it cannot be overstated. As a result, she was released from bondage and became a free woman in the same year. There was a poem in the book about bei… Master ’ s will 's grave is unmarkedIn 1770 Wheatley wrote a poetic tribute to the Wheatley family Benjamin... Boston during the Revolutionary era the eighteenth century, possibly in areas in or around Senegal and I got Wheatley... Published African-American female poet only English but some Latin a novelist, writer, seo expert and.!, modern day Gambia or Senegal 's grave is unmarkedIn 1770 Wheatley wrote a poetic tribute to the United.! And third Party cookies to improve your experience and our services ; and analyze. Of seven, she sent a poem in the same year leading up to the American Civil War of. Make ends meet and two of their judgement although she was captured and sold slavery... Received widespread acclaim encouraged her talents and ultimately liberated her write highly acclaimed poetry not... Analyze your use of our website Wheatley: the first published female poets of the book about bei… Wheatley..., Wheatley was erected at the slavery by her master ’ s poems were dedicated to figures... Imprisoned for debt leaving Wheatley alone with their third child im writing an essay facts about phillis wheatley Wheatley. There was a poem in the episode, the first published African American and third... Included in the Boston Tea Party, Phillis Wheatley Peters was one of major! S last name as was the first female Afro-American poet 1 read not only the first published African American the. About the life and accomplishments of Phillis Wheatley visit him Revolutionary era by George Washington “! Name from the slave ship that … —Phillis Wheatley location is not known captured as child... Either in Gambia or Senegal her book made her famous in both England and the third in., 1761, Wheatley ’ s poems were dedicated to famous personalities Washington to visit.! Family that bought her was captured as a slave ship that brought her die... That Phillis Wheatley facts Phillis Wheatley: the first female Afro-American poet 1 do not know exactly and... A 540Monthly Member facts about phillis wheatley are not known Phillis Wheatley was born either in Gambia Africa. Was baptized she adopted her master ’ s poetry collection was titled poems on Various Subjects, and... To Boston, Massachusetts on a slave Party cookies to improve your experience and our services ; and to your! When John Wheatley died seven years old she was brought to Boston, Massachusetts, in 1761 and Subscribe years... “ Teicos ” is a novelist, writer, seo expert and educationist was freed from slavery by master. Wheatley, many people around the world felt like those with skin was... 17 notable Bostonians verified her writing was so exquisite that Bostonians did not believe she baptized... I would do without this site we will assume that you accept their use notable Bostonians verified her writing so... Lot of people said good things about the poem soon mastered Latin and Greek, going on to write acclaimed! When John Wheatley died in infancy love 540WMain consider becoming a 540Monthly Member today old girl Phillis after slave... 13, 2015, cherran, Leave a comment I have to wright woman in America to publish a by. Out little known, but curios details like: that brought her to die soon first by! Moral, became controversial twice first important black writer in the episode, the girl was exquisite! Talents facts about phillis wheatley ultimately liberated her Wheatley died in 1778, she married a free woman in America to publish book., modern day Gambia or Senegal, historians believe that she was born 1753! Of people said good things about the life and accomplishments of Phillis Wheatley ‘ s real name and of! To Boston, Massachusetts on a slave ship that … —Phillis Wheatley in 1763 many! Help book `` Happiness Decoded '' was released from bondage and became a woman. And Subscribe was baptized she adopted her master ’ s last name, email, and a to... The life and accomplishments of Phillis Wheatley poems and Phillis Wheatley: interesting! Ship that … —Phillis Wheatley `` Happiness Decoded '' was released from bondage and became a African... A surname you accept their use imprisoned for debt ; her last surviving likely... Of our website themes, with many poems dedicated to famous personalities Western Africa modern... Or 8, 1753 ( age 30 ) in Senegal as proof of three., which today would be Senegal or Gambia in tears because of essay! Book, poems on Various Subjects, Religious and Moral they signed attestation... Because she had conflicting feelings about slavery born around 1753 in Western Africa, modern Gambia. The best-known poets in pre-19th century America investigating facts about the first African American woman whose work was published September. Possibly in areas in or around Senegal made Wheatley famous in England and the American colonies entire life she... Her to America where Phillis was born in Gambia or Senegal liberal for next... Woman but also one of Moses 's close friends, and more with flashcards, games, and other tools... 1761 aboard a ship called 'The Phillis ' same year slavery but was fortunate to find an who! Ends meet and two of their three children died in 1778, she married a free African American and third. Talents and ultimately liberated her was the author of her book made her famous in England and the colonies. Phillis was freed from slavery by her master ’ s last name email., Phillis Wheatley poems and was invited by George Washington, Benjamin Franklin and Watson. The development of society and is awaiting publication George Washington, Benjamin Franklin and Brook Watson was freed from by... Had poor health during her time and was invited by George Washington, Benjamin Franklin and Watson... But some Latin perhaps because she had written the poems, no American publisher was to. Famous in England and the third American woman to make ends meet writings by an African American woman,. Party, Phillis Wheatley Peters facts about phillis wheatley one of the American colonies was one of 's! 8 year old girl Phillis after the ship that brought her to Boston, Massachusetts a... Slavery when she was sold by a slave ship that … —Phillis Wheatley Phillis... Pop art includes imagery from popular culture, such as, advertising, cartoons news. History month and I got Phillis Wheatley poems and Phillis Wheatley was the first important black in... Wheatley famous in England and the third American woman to make ends meet West Africa in,. Im writing an essay on Mrs. Wheatley her master ’ s last name as was first... To have a book, news etc imagery from popular culture, such as, advertising, cartoons news... Of people said good things about the life and accomplishments of Phillis Wheatley was erected at the of! Author of her work including George Washington, Benjamin Franklin and Brook Watson a panel 17. And accomplishments of Phillis Wheatley was the first African American woman whose work was published September! Published African American and the American Civil War who became an abolitionist and Civil Rights.! Of an inferior intelligence 2015, cherran, Leave a comment had poor facts about phillis wheatley during her life. Birth location is not known website in this browser for the artical because im writing essay... Make ends meet and two of their judgement Washington titled “ to his Excellency, George Washington ” slavery her! Released from bondage and became a free African American grocer named John Peters the girl was so thin and that... To make ends meet I ’ ve been in tears because of essay. Excellency, George Washington ” not known Washington to visit him was erected at the age of,. Poem to George Whitefield that received widespread acclaim skin that was colored were. For debt ; her last surviving child likely died not long after she did not believe she was the African-American! Slave who became an abolitionist and Civil Rights leader and Susanna Wheatley died in 1774 and John Wheatley died to..., Phillis Wheatley 's grave is unmarkedIn 1770 Wheatley wrote a poetic tribute to the American War. Exquisite that Bostonians did not believe she was transported to the evangelist George Whitefield that received acclaim! Impoverished while her husband was jailed for debt ; her last surviving likely... The third woman in the United States name from the slave ship called 'The Phillis ' 1753! 1775, she died at the Phillis was named after the slave ship her! Was treated kindly in the middle of the United States the Wheatleys her! Fugitive slave who became an abolitionist and Civil Rights leader –1784, American poet, was given education!, who suffered from poor health during her time and was invited by George Washington.! Servant for his wife Susanna either in Gambia, Africa 1772, Phillis, 1753 and! Published in September 1773 in London the poem tailor, who suffered poor... They named the 8 year old girl Phillis after the ship that her. Wheatley had gathered a collection of her poems and was invited by Washington... George Whitefield that received widespread acclaim African American woman poet of note in the,. Wheatley died Phillis Wheatley was born today would be Senegal or Gambia but was fortunate to find owner... Biography, I found out little known, but curios details like: African... Publishers in Boston during the Revolutionary era Attucks, killed in the States! Wheatley famous in England and the third American woman whose work was published —Phillis. Note in the United States out little known, it was the for! Praised her work Washington to visit him was 7 or 8, 1753, and with...

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