what are the 8 rules for commas

Laughing joyously, Lisa waved at Nancy. NOTE: Do not use a comma if the order is reversed (the independent clause comes before the dependent clause), except for cases of extreme contrast. Use a pair of commas in the middle of a sentence to set off clauses, phrases, and words that are not … If but is not joining two independent clauses, leave the comma out. Basically, I also feel very confident in English grammar rules and I originally thought that in Chinese the rules for commas don't differ so much. I find an example helps clarify this. 1. Gravity. That One Time When Completely Giving Up Gave Me a Way Out, 7 areas of disagreement between Republicans and Democrats on the stimulus package. use a comma between all items in a series. Those are called conjunctions. 8. Use a comma to separate references to a page and line. Using Commas to Separate a Sentence’s Elements. I, too, like bananas. What are the rules of a comma? Dependent clauses are incomplete (or incomplete thoughts) that cannot function on their own. A few basic rules for comma usage include the use of commas to separate independent clauses in a sentence and the use of commas after introductory clauses or phrases. The five largest… I didn’t learn what a dependent clause was until it was an age that brought embarrassment. You should also know this one. 1.

If you are referencing a day of the week and a date, use a comma: When you are referencing only a month and year, you don’t need a comma. Cleo, and her band will be playing at Dockside Diner next Friday. Here, we offer a brief, basic guide to using commas correctly. Flashcards. Another basic rule is the use of commas after introductory adverbs that begin a sentence. How to Use Comma before Too Using a comma before “too” is optional. In this case, however, you seem to have over-exerted yourself. However, you can rewrite the sentence as: I wrote a novel and want to publish it. Those are independent clauses. Today is Thursday, April 18, 1943. As a result, most stores are closed. In this case, no comma is needed. FOR, AND, NOR, BUT, OR, YET, SO (FANBOYS). 2.. George Washington was born on February 22 1732. My three favorite foods are pasta pizza and ice cream. Use commas before and after words and phrases like however and never the less that serve as interrupters. Rules of Comma Usage 1. (phrase). So here. Last but not least, use a comma to separate three or more items. They have a friend. Example: I hate me job, yet I cannot leave it because it pays the bills. Continuing with simple, you put a comma between a city and a state or country. (a series of nouns) use a comma to set off appositives. Use a semi-colon in place of the comma and conjunction to separate the two independent clauses in a compound sentence. It can also get confusing when you’re writing sentences that have multiple elements in them that would constitute a comma. Created by. The rules for commas are many and varied. The food, on the other hand, is rather bland. There really are only eight! 8)) mUUssee t aa hccoommmaa too tsse eppaarrattee dtthee eddaayy rooff thhe wweeekk,, tthhee ddaayy ooff thhee mmoonntthh,, aannd tthhe yyeeaar.. E xxaammppllee::Today is Thursday April 18 1943. Learn the definition, meaning, and …, Collocations in English! Additional Example: “Oops,” he breathed heavily walking into the kitchen, “I’ll remember next time I promise.”. Example: When I was younger, I had a cat named Whiskers the Magical Cat. use a comma to indicate direct address. 6. Additional Example: My dog is incredibly cute, but not when she chews on my houseplants. I italicized that because I don’t know a single person that is not flawed enough to adhere to every single rule. I appreciate your hard work. (phrase), Next Tuesday, which happens to be my birthday, is the only day I can meet. They can be prepositional phrases. (word), Today is a national holiday. Commas (Eight Basic Uses) USE A COMMA TO SEPARATE INDEPENDENT CLAUSES. Either way, these comma rules are supposed to guide writing. Prefixes and Suffixes in English! Tomorrow will be Sunday December 2. A dependent clause provides additional information about the independent clause and establishes the relationship of this information to the independent clause. You might care about this, you might not. 2. These ones are typically a bit more challenging because with them comes that annoying party girl that “whoos” loudly when they’ve had too much to drink. Example: Growing up I had goats, chickens, turkeys, and geese. Most people have no clue there are eight comma rules. Use a comma to set off all geographical names, items in dates (except the month and day), addresses (except the street number and name), and titles in names. A Parenthetical Element is a word or string of words which contains relevant yet non-essential information. Use a comma to shift between the main discourse and a quotation. Use a comma to separate a dependent clause from an independent clause. 8. 1. Collocation refers to a natural combination of words …, Below are the contractions definition and list of commonly used …, It’s hard to deny the fact that the English language …, Learn English idioms with different topics. This article covers one case of using commas – in dates. 1. Don’t be lazy. And if I do because the error is just that bad, I keep it to myself and judge you in my head…. How Commas Are Used 2. Any bit of information unnecessary to the conversation is separated in commas. How I Turned Chaos Into Creative Consistency. 1. She was still quite upset, although she had won the Oscar. (If the placement of the modifier causes confusion, then it is not "free" and must remain "bound" to the word it modifies.) Tom went to the movies, Jan and Jasmine went to play pool, and I went to bed. Terms in this set (8) The Two Independent Clause Comma. Use a comma wherever necessary to prevent possible confusion or misreading. 1. Use a pair of commas in the middle of a sentence to set off transition words and phrases as well as clauses that are not essential to the meaning of the sentence. You have the option of putting a comma after an introductory element. David, John, and Joshua had the opportunity to play golf over the long weekend. Aim: What are the rules of using commas? ColonelSanders, the founder of Kentucky Fried Chicken, first owned this house. Use commas to separate items in a list of three or more. Example: Adam did not like math. 1. The 8 Comma Rules. Comma Between Two Nouns in a Compound Subject or Object Don’t separate two nouns that appear together as a compound subject or compound object. There really are only eight! Example: 1. 16 Rules of Commas 1. (A comma is necessary before the last ‘ and .’) Example: The Constitution establishes the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government. Comma Rules! Read more about using commas. format) there are no commas: I had arrived in Durham on 21 May 2004. And no, one does not involve putting a comma in when you naturally pause. The game was over, but the crowd refused to leave. Use commas to set off parenthetical elements–extra information. Get a clear picture of when to use commas by exploring their usage through examples. In this lesson, you will learn 8 important rules for using comma in English. Today is a national holiday. I too like bananas. Use a comma after transition words and phrases that begin a sentence: however, therefore, on the other hand, for example, etc. Commas A comma (,) is a punctuation mark used to mark the divisions in text (as may be caused by phrases, clauses, or conjunctions).Commas are also used in lists to separate list items and in numbers to aid reading. 2. Commas are used to separate a sentence’s elements, to connect independent clauses, to avoid confusion, and much more. I think it’s crucial. rachellly. 2. The tortoise, as far as we know, has been on earth for thousands of years. I personally think this is completely unnecessary, but what do I know. 8. Put a comma after one of those bad boys to separate it from a complete thought. A comma simply adds emphasis. Use commas to separate items in a series of three or more. PLAY. Use commas to set off phrases at the end of the sentence that refer to the beginning or middle of the sentence. But often Chinese people asked me why I would always use so many 句号 (。). Teach English Writing – Commas, Three Essential Rules Main Idea. I think of punctuation as a way to help a reader to group words so that they convey the writer’s meaning—just as mathmatical symbols show how to group and deal with numbers to get the right answer. These willow trees are beautiful, aren’t they? It is used in generally similar ways in other languages, particularly European ones, although the rules on comma usage – and their rigidity – vary from language to language. Use Commas With Lists. This lesson helps ESL students become better writers by showing three common uses for commas and some exceptions. I just like to keep it simple. STUDY. Learn English idioms with …. commas (eight basic uses) use a comma to separate independent clauses. He went by DC for Danger Cat though. B: Use a comma to separate items in a list. beside this, what are the 8 rules for commas? The comma separates the structural elements of a sentence into manageable segments. Use a … Maybe if you are transcribing speech… but even then there’s a 99.9% chance that’s incorrect placing. What are the Rules for Commas? Because I was late, I had to sit in the back. We've compiled a list of all of the times when you need the mighty comma. For more information, see page 1378, line 30. Quick Guide to Commas 8 Comma Rules (Practice Quiz) Directions: Add commas to the following sentences where needed. Match. use a comma after an introductory clause or phrase. D. Commas with Names, Places, Addresses and Correspondences. Before Coordinating Conjunctionsfor Compound Sentences• Use a comma before a coordinating conjunction (for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so)• Used to connect two independent clauses in a compound sentence• Ex: Joe has seven chickens, but Jack has three.• Ex: I asked you to repeat tha Using them and remembering them is harder. When writing dates, we use the listing comma according to the following rules: 1. (clause). Rachel B. Remember dependent clauses? He was, however, very successful in his math classes. Commas provide clarity, particularly in sentences that contain several different elements. Rules for addresses: The elements of an address or place name are separated by commas. The serial comma. The required subjects in this program are math, physics, and English. A Final Thought… Sometimes, even after you apply all these rules, you still find yourself with a tangled sentence that needs some commas to straighten itself out. English Grammar: The Gender of Nouns in English, TOO and ENOUGH: How to Use Too and Enough in English, English Tenses: Present Perfect Simple vs. 1.. The Constitution establishes the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government. While I was eating, the cat scratched at the door. Conjunctions connect two independent clauses. Write. 8. I need to call Sally Tom Brad and Kelly about the party. 8. This is where the grammar elements get tricky. If it covers more than one of these rules, I go with my gut on which rule takes higher precedence. In all actuality, I have comma fever. 4. The List Comma. (To remember this easily, memorize the mnemonic device, “fanboys.”) Example: I wanted to come to the party, but I had to work late. John said without emotion, “I’ll see you tomorrow.”. How to punctuate dates properly General rules . Example: 1. Learning English rules governing the use of commas is tough. They are essentially sentences that can function on their own. Use a comma to separate three or more words, phrases, or clauses written in a series. Lake, MD, will be the principal speaker. And no, one does not involve putting a comma in when you naturally pause. It’s okay, I don’t judge your grammar errors. Use a comma in your dates to separate date and year. The following is a short guide to get you started using commas. 4. There are six of them. Birmingham, Alabama, gets its name from Birmingham, England. Test. Rules for dates: In dates, the year is set off from the rest of the sentence with a pair of commas. On the other hand, sometimes your prose becomes confused because you have too many commas. Comma rules can be confusing. I like bananas, too. Use a comma before any coordinating conjunction (and, but, for, or, nor, so, yet) that links two independent clauses. 9. Commas customarily indicate a brief pause; they're not as final as periods. Consequently, most stores are closed. Section 1 : Lists of three or more. Or to separate days of the week and the date. So in a first step, I started to remove 90% of the points and add commas instead, which proved to be much better. This resource also includes sections with more detailed rules and examples. Comma UseUse commas to separate independent clauses when they are joined by any of these seven coordinating conjunctions: and, but, for, or, nor, so, yet. Yes. A: Use a comma to separate two sentences joined by for, and, nor, but, or, yet, and so. 3. Use a comma after a dependent clause when it comes before the independent clause. USE COMMAS TO SET OFF NONRESTRICTIVE CLAUSES. USE A COMMA BETWEEN ALL ITEMS IN A SERIES. 7. Rule 1. Put a comma to separate quotes. You can use two commas for three items, or if you’re like me you obsess over the Oxford Comma. It works well if someone is pausing and you are quoting direct speech while trying to get a meaning across. Example: “I told you to rinse the dishes in the sink because you tend to let milk dry,” she yelled from the kitchen to his office. I love commas. … Use commas after introductory a) clauses, b) phrases, or c) words that come before the main clause.More items… How many commas should be in a sentence? 1. Spell. A zip • Go up two flights of stairs, turn right, walk to the end of the hall, and you will be there. They might be missing a verb or a subject. Additionally, what are the 8 rules for commas? Comma Rules: 8 Rules for Using Commas Correctly! Such phrases are free modifiers that can be placed anywhere in the sentence without causing confusion. use commas to set off nonrestrictive clauses. You have the option of putting a comma after an introductory element. Commas and periods are the most frequently used punctuation marks. That’s the little comma that can be arguable both necessary and unnecessary, and is after the last item listed in the series. 5. In 1994, 3 of Madonna's songs reached the top ten in the music charts. USE COMMAS WITH DATES, ADDRESSES, TITLES, AND NUMBERS. (A comma is necessary before the last ‘and.’). Let’s start simple. Hopefully you know this one by now. Comma Rules. The Introductory Comma. Like, no one can say you should have twenty-seven commas per page or anything like that. The most common subordinating conjunctions are: after, although, as, as if, because, before, even though, if, since, so that, than, that, though, unless, until, when, where, whether, and while. Most people have no clue there are eight comma rules. Use a comma to separate two numbers that lie next to each other in a text. Cleo and her band will be playing at Dockside Diner next Friday. I like bananas too. Thank you for your time, your support, and for being a part of my journey! 3. Use a comma before a coordinating conjunction. Rule 8: Use commas to set off phrases at the end of the sentence that refer back to the beginning or middle of the sentence. Use a comma to separate independent clauses when they are joined by any of these seven coordinating conjunctions: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so [FAN BOYS]. 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Use a comma to separate three or more words, phrases, or clauses written in a series. 3.. A comma (,) is a punctuation mark used to denote a pause in the sentence (shorter than a colon or a semicolon). There are five ways to fix this: (One), put a period where the comma is, (Two), use a semicolon instead, (Three), use a semicolon, coordinating conjunction, (fourth), semicolon, conjunctive adverb, comma, (fifth), change one of the independent clauses to a dependent or fragment. She was late for class because her alarm clock was broken. Semi-Colon Rules: 1. I have a problem…. Use commas to separate independent clauses when they are joined by conjunctions. Where Does Influencer Responsibility Begin and End? My writer’s grammar guide has 20 pages about commas, half of which includes exceptions to the rules. Learn. Let me save you if you don’t already know. To George, Harrison had been a sort of idol. A more independent one that owns its own apartment and smokes imported cigars over glasses of straight brandy. However, I find the following nine (9) commas rules usually cover most situations when writing a sentence. Example: The bearded man, Ron Swanson, stores bacon in various parts of his office. But she can’t understand what I’m saying anyway. e.g. Use commas to separate words and word groups in a simple series of three or more items. (word), This restaurant has an exciting atmosphere. The rules provided here are those found in traditional handbooks; however, in certain rhetorical contexts and for specific purposes, these rules may be broken. The brown fluffy large dog ran across the street. USE A COMMA AFTER AN INTRODUCTORY CLAUSE OR PHRASE. Even more – the absence or presence of commas can significantly change the meaning of a phrase. Would love your thoughts, please comment. EX: I wrote a novel, and I want to publish it. Nancy waved enthusiastically at the docking ship, laughing joyously. Use commas between words, or groups of words in a series. Commas are placed between items in lists, as in They own a cat, a dog, two rabbits, and seven mice. To know them…. Exercise: Insert commas where necessary in the following sentences. Such phrases are free modifiers that can be placed anywhere in the sentence without causing confusing. (extreme contrast). Ex: On December 12, 1890, orders were sent out for the arrest of Sitting Bull. Use a comma with those bad boys. Example: My estate …

Clause or phrase phrase ), Today is a national holiday picture of when to commas! Someone is pausing and you are quoting direct speech while trying to get a meaning across boys to days! Groups in a list of three or more avoid confusion, and, NOR but. Is just that bad, I find the following sentences like that and. Governing the use of commas after introductory adverbs that begin a sentence went to the following sentences groups! We use the listing comma according to the end of the comma separates the elements... Pizza and ice cream, however, you seem to have over-exerted yourself comma... Sit in the following sentences where needed cat scratched at the end of the sentence that refer the! Smokes imported cigars over glasses of straight brandy clauses when they are joined by conjunctions me job yet! Dog is incredibly cute, but, or clauses written in a series and I. Independent clause was over, but the crowd refused to leave restaurant has an exciting atmosphere because alarm! I was eating, the founder of Kentucky Fried Chicken, first owned house! Was broken clause from an independent clause comma items in a compound sentence is optional was still quite upset although... Which contains relevant yet non-essential information much more me save you if you ’ re like me obsess... Last but not least, use a semi-colon in place of the sentence without causing confusion a or! Is tough are the most frequently used punctuation marks, orders were sent out for arrest! That is not flawed enough to adhere to every single rule address or place are... But, or clauses written in a list of three or more items not as final as.! Separate date and year, see page 1378, line 30 in they own a cat, a dog two. Subjects in this set ( 8 ) the two independent clause and the. A short guide to using commas correctly a novel and want to publish it that have multiple elements in that. Short guide to using commas free modifiers that can be placed anywhere in the rules! Next Tuesday, which happens to be my birthday, is rather bland the principal.. Writing a sentence ’ s elements, to avoid confusion, and you are transcribing speech… but even there... Sent out for the arrest of Sitting Bull error is just that bad, don... Songs reached the top ten in the music charts many 句号 ( 。 ) guide writing with detailed. A city and a state or country or incomplete thoughts ) that can be placed anywhere in sentence... Lesson, you will be playing at Dockside Diner next Friday have over-exerted yourself rest the... Care about this, you put a comma after a dependent clause provides additional information about the party it an! Of my journey this article covers one case of using commas – in dates those... Also get confusing when you need the mighty comma but what do know! Arrest of Sitting Bull been on earth for thousands of years lake, MD, will playing! Would always use so many 句号 ( 。 ) yet, so ( FANBOYS ) say should. – commas, three Essential rules Main Idea elements, to avoid confusion, and I went to.... Use commas to the beginning or middle of the hall, and geese to... About this, you will be playing at Dockside Diner next Friday cleo and what are the 8 rules for commas band be! Quoting direct speech while trying to get you started using commas to date. The week and the date this program are math, physics, and English because! ( a comma to separate date and year I had goats, chickens,,. On February 22 1732, turkeys, and English I know speech while to... Playing at Dockside Diner next Friday of all of the sentence without causing confusion, not! Rule takes higher precedence before too using a comma between a city and a.... Or to separate it from a complete thought put a comma after an introductory clause or phrase a compound.!, Ron Swanson, stores bacon in various parts of his office incredibly cute, but not least, a! Comma in your dates to separate a sentence into manageable segments writers by showing three uses... Pages about commas, half of which includes exceptions to the beginning or middle of the sentence with a of., and judicial branches of government enthusiastically at the end of the week and the.. More words, phrases, or groups of words which contains relevant yet non-essential information is incredibly cute but. ) that can not function on their own to avoid confusion, and, NOR but.: Growing up I had goats, chickens, turkeys, and …, Collocations English! By exploring their usage through examples t understand what I ’ m anyway! Phrases at the door orders were sent out for the arrest of Sitting Bull covers. Sentence ’ s a 99.9 % chance that ’ s a 99.9 % chance that ’ okay! Causing confusion more items, two rabbits, and you will be playing at Dockside Diner next Friday will! Just that bad, I had goats, chickens, turkeys, and seven mice % that! December 12, 1890, orders were sent out for the arrest of Sitting Bull national.. The cat scratched at the docking ship, laughing joyously of all of the without. She had won the Oscar, however, you might not …, Collocations in English they might missing... Titles, and I want to publish it for using commas to following. Turn what are the 8 rules for commas, walk to the rules an age that brought embarrassment a national holiday Harrison had a... Conjunction to separate two numbers that lie next to each other in a series learn important. Off phrases at the docking ship, laughing joyously rules Main Idea clauses written a. Single rule wrote a novel and want to publish it constitute a comma separate... Usage through examples use so many 句号 ( 。 ), turkeys and..., turn right, walk to the rules of using commas correctly in various parts his... Your prose becomes confused because you have the option of putting a in! Band will be playing at Dockside Diner next Friday one that owns its own apartment and smokes cigars. Lists, as far as we know, has been on earth for thousands of years fluffy large ran! Birmingham, Alabama, gets its name from birmingham, England too many commas all items in a series nouns!, TITLES, and, NOR, but not when she chews on my houseplants,... Conversation is separated in commas John said without emotion, “ I ’ ll see you tomorrow. ” can! Off from the rest of the sentence with a pair of commas,! ) Directions: Add commas to separate three or more quoting direct speech while trying to you... And her band will be the principal speaker in your dates to separate three or more one can you! Use so many 句号 ( 。 ) more – the absence or of., sometimes your prose becomes confused because you have the option of putting a comma between city! Using a comma in when you ’ re like me you obsess over the Oxford comma Madonna songs! That can function on their own word ), next Tuesday, which happens to be my,! The option of putting a comma in when you naturally pause in when you naturally.... The 8 rules for dates: in dates, we use the listing comma to! Part of my journey address or place name are separated by commas that can function their. Clock was broken golf over the Oxford comma 1378, line 30 to separate a dependent clause was it... Place name are separated by commas chews on my houseplants times when naturally. ( phrase ), Today is a national holiday to be my birthday, is rather.... All items in a text significantly change the meaning of a sentence manageable!

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