theory of feminism pdf

The book serves as a text for courses in family sociology, sociology of gender, gender studies, and feminist theory, and for sociology courses focusing on the use of qualitative methodology. Feminist Theory is an international peer reviewed journal that provides a forum for critical analysis and constructive debate within feminism. Beckett: Choosing Cesarean. PDF | On Jan 1, 2008, Michelle Budig and others published Feminist Theory | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate How do contemporary versions of fairy tales in film complicate these readings, and what challenges do they raise in the classroom? 4 The quote is from Toril Moi, Sexual/Textual Politics: Feminist Literary Theory (London and New York: Methuen, 1985), 159. There is no one feminist theory per se. The desire of both feminists and anti-feminists to control feminism emerges as the limiting of what feminism is, whom it is for, and where it is going. 2. PPT Self-reflexivity through feminist standpoint theory Harstock (1983) defines standpoint feminism as a medium to bring to light all forms of domination and erase. In particular, what do fairy tales teach girls and women about femininity, and how do these stories reinforce or subvert broader cultural concepts about gender and sexuality? Radical feminism claims women's oppression originates in sexuality. Feminism 2. Liberal Feminism Since Alison’s Jaggar’s influential work in constructing a taxonomy of feminist positions, “liberal feminists” have been taken to support a fundamentally libertarian political agenda based on the assumption that formal equality under the law suffices to eliminate Postcolonial feminism elaborates on, intersectionality by emphasizing Western colonization. Feminism - Philosophy. FEMINISM, LIBERAL 333 "Thinking Sex: Notes for a Radical Theory of the Politics of Sexuality." In order to examine the various forms of oppression that devalue women, it is necessary to adopt a feminist standpoint. My initial strategy assumed that feminism had a theory of male dominance: an account of its key concrete sites and laws of motion, an analysis of why and how it happened and why (perhaps even how) it could be ended. Marina Warner calls this implicit pedagogy the "suspect whiff of femininity" in fairy tales (1994, xiv). 285 0 obj <> endobj Feminist theory is the extension of feminism into theoretical or philosophical fields. 2. Their remedy advocates women’s equal legal rights and. subfields. Feminist Theory - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. Reasons for nonreporting include the fear of retaliation, a reluctance to be viewed as a victim, a fear that one is being "too sensitive," and the belief that nothing will be done. subfields. understood as part of an effort to contest medical control of birth and to Feminist Theory 6(3) Beckett: 3 Feminist Theory . She also focuses on love and the role of men. By shifting the focus of social theory away from the perspectives and experiences of men, feminist theorists have created social theories that are more inclusive and creative than those that assume the social actor to always be a man. •Feminist movements aim at achieving and establishing equality between women and men. One of the most common is according to political/ideological orientation. Feminism is the doctrine advocating social, political, and economic rights for … Thus it seems all the more amazing that the concept of feminism has only begun to receive close scrutiny. Feminist theory. This chapter explores these ideas in the light of contemporary feminism and the increasing popularity of postfeminist ideology. 298 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<80EB2254F0283F67838AF3A282906987>]/Index[285 26]/Info 284 0 R/Length 83/Prev 831011/Root 286 0 R/Size 311/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream of feminism is useful because it plainly but powerfully encapsulates the starting point of feminist theory: “feminism is a movement to end sexism, sexist exploitation, and oppression”.16,17 Just as there is no singular understanding of feminism, there is no single feminist theory. The notion of visionary feminism, as seen in the many writings of the African-American feminist, bell hooks, combines the need to challenge patriarchy, class, race and other forms of oppression such as imperialism and corporate control. This would be accomplished by increasing women's control over. All analyze women's experiences of gender, subordination, the roots of women's oppression, how gender inequality is perpetuated, and offer. 1998. ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any references for this publication. They advocate for remedies that focus on the, survival of entire peoples, rather than solely on women. Feminist Theory: A Philosophical Anthology addresses seven philosophically significant questions regarding feminism, its central concepts of sex and gender, and the project of centering women’s experience. Title. While providing a critique of these social and political relations, much of feminist theory focuses on the promotion of women's right… They argue, women's bodies are controlled through violence, objectification, and social institutions such as, medicine and religion. Medical educators need new ways to understand how contemporary women students define and respond to sexual harassment. This text is conceived as a mapping of the main activities and strategies of contemporary women’s media activism on the one hand, and problems that feminist theoreticians of the media perceive in certain activist This book illuminates the paradoxical character of motherhood—as both a socially determined, potentially oppressive role and one that also provides profound personal meaning that can expand the boundaries of women's lives. h�bbd```b``�N �Lrj�Șp�zDo�>���@l��`�7@�a���������q �4F2���� \�" Feminism is a complex set of ideologies and theories, that at its core seeks to achieve equal social, political, and economic rights for women and men.Feminism refers to a diverse variety of beliefs, ideas, movements, and agendas for action. It grew out of the same social ferment and the same consciousness-raising groups that produced other forms of feminism. All rights reserved. Harding talks about the classification of the three positions: feminist standpoint theory, feminist empiricism and feminist postmodernism. Liberal feminism argues women's unequal access to legal, social, political and economic, institutions causes women's oppression. It encompasses work in a variety of disciplines, including anthropology, sociology, economics, women's studies, literary criticism, art history, psychoanalysis, and philosophy. FEMINIST THEORY Feminist Theory is an outgrowth of the general movement to empower woman worldwide. Liber… They challenge inevitable and fixed characteristics of gender, including heteronormativity (assumption that heterosexuality is “natural”), and the, undifferentiated category of “woman.” They argue performativity, identity and display—perpetuates gender inequality. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. Feminist Theory and then discuss laws, practices and policies in education that were designed to address gender imbalances at primary school, with special emphasis on Early Childhood Development (E.C.D). Framework Three: Feminist Theory and Education. Women are also exploited as a low-wage and expendable reserve army of labor. It seeks to, correct the male bias in psychoanalytic theory, producing theories that explore women's, experiences with their emotions, bodies and sexuality. queer theory. Feminist theory can be Much as feminist science studies shifted the epistemological assumptions of objective, disembodied knowing, so too can feminist media theory surface, as Beller writes, “the white masculine privilege in knowledge making.” This issue makes critical interventions in both media studies and feminism. Third wave feminism is a feminist movement which began in the mid 1990’ s and has continued until this day. •Feminists act, speak, write and advocate on What feminism is •Feminism is a collection of political movements, social movements and ideologies that defend the political, the economic, the personal and the social rights of women. Islamic Feminism and Feminist Theory Abstract Western feminist theory has developed significantly from its early roots in the suffrage movement. Defining Liberal Feminist Theory At the risk of oversimplification and reductionism, we can summarize the “map” of feminist approaches as it is commonly explained in overviews of feminist theory During the 1980s, feminist literary criticism was marked by an often contentious split between those pragmatically committed to the recovery of the woman writer and, with her, something usually called women’s experience,¹ and those concerned to explore the implications for feminism of postmodern theories that question the legitimacy of such constructs as the author and experience. Feminist Sociology in the 1960s, 1970s, and 1980s: “The Second Wave” 5. 3. Theory and Practice* Socialist feminism arose in the late 1960’s. Radical feminists see sexism as the oldest and most pervasive form of, oppression; they argue that the eradication of patriarchy and compulsory heterosexuality are key, to ending gender oppression. As it grew to encompass those women who were not white and middle class it was caught in the trap that ensnares most social movements. Classical Sociology 3. The birth of second-wave feminist movements in the late 1960s and early 1970s saw a flowering of theoretical positions linked to specific political strategies. By shifting the focus of social theory away from the perspectives and experiences of men, feminist theorists have created social theories that are more inclusive and creative than those that assume the social actor to always be a man. Moi herself is not opposed to the act of definition. Marxist feminism is defined as “a form of feminism which believes that women’s oppression is a symptom of a more fundamental form of oppression.” (Drislane) It further explained: “In Frederick Engels’ writing, women’s oppression originated with the development of private property and of regulated family and marital relationships. . ;�s�d)6u�O\�;��{�c��f�pX Feminist theory is broad. In my classroom, I employ the term cultural pedagogy to refer to the ways that my students learn about gender, race, class, and other social characteristics through their representations in literature, film, visual art, and popular culture media such as television, advertizing, magazines, and the Internet. They argue. Postcolonialism and feminism have come to share a tense relationship as some feminist critics point out that postcolonial theory is a male-centered field that has not only excluded the HQl190 .H67 2000 305.42'01 - dc21 00-036589 South End Press, 7 Brookline Street, #1, Cambridge, MA 02139 06 05 04 7 8 9 Printed in Canada CONTENTS INTRODUCTION Come Closer to Feminism 1. We used focus groups to interview 30 women students at 5 U.S. medical schools. From: International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, 2001. 310 0 obj <>stream Feminism and Feminist Sociology in the Post-War Era 4. FGM THROUGH BLACK AFRICAN FEMINISM A LA AWA THIAM 1 A Black African Feminist Theory To Examine Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) Within African Immigrant Families In The United States Mame Kani Diop, Doctoral Candidate Pearl Stewart, Ph.D. Kathryn Herr, Ph.D. Montclair State University Theory Construction and Research Methodology Workshop (TCRM) Definition• Feminism is the belief that women should have equal rights to men. FEMINIST POLITICS I. Sage, Feminist theories are varied and diverse. According to this approach, which typically equates “feminism” with “feminist theory,” “liberal feminists” such as Betty Friedan (see Significant Others, p. 317), focus on This volume also provides pertinent data on how class, marital status, and work shape the ways in which women create identities for themselves as mothers. Moi herself is not opposed to the act of definition. These insights are by no means new. It encompasses work in a variety of disciplines, including anthropology, sociology, economics, women's studies, literary criticism, art history, psychoanalysis, and philosophy. h�b```"]��� ������ �(��(/6�600��%�'���G^;�L��s�I'ł�D��i!���BkW]U�� �h��x�1H�q�� �:a�V� �����I7�1�`{ ݚ5U�*�zF&V6s9Yu3GSe+;��([WOn7~ 'wa]>q)1oIQK^=}{!AiM kU#gc��А�@� ?_m-%ECy��SL�g�0.�P��_N6&Z�L�حqd95hx�[áne�7��adca=�4=�̐���� 7�[��t�q���/a3�[Rf&��"8�"���� ���ed:K}Siq���"�l*�x��4�� l!�d�J�ֻt�̢�wMX�q�u�׮_�iʊ��ݻ�;��;��Z�*[�3�w.ߚ4�bَ��%[���ϙ8{ކ#���=v���}>�'w������L��4�������$+��Z���wj��:0!Lo[���T��8o�ӣ9] �� 9�_�6em�d�zl��`�7�ނ���'Q���L�S�PAq�r�@kx9�JY\\�U[Ζ���B�j�U��AI�h lii@�����H �&B5��H��ִ4r��R�54��ZY���J�LJ�Ħccb �F��jxM in > nD?b�g8 �t{�]^��}EF�7���h�x����A�A�����рI�́�A�A����#S�.���L � ����� Š�;�1�Ɂ� '�(�lK�C ��l3P� P�-`r %̠�.`T`j`s�h��(�(�i��0����L Se��X>L*`Y�谨��نͅe�����)��L&,{'�5�4|l�c�a�ଐH`R�f�a�eRbp�< �`����֘�P���&!� Ȑ�p�q9CsS�h�‚�F�"F�A��|�j�i�),\�@�y0Ld�`�`q�UP}�� ߠ��Ų�IB�@\A�������1�)����� I�WO0���|}W@ �0 kўo 2005. One is not born but rather. Tong, Rosemarie. Here, sexism results from modernization. %PDF-1.6 %���� Feminist Theory. The author illustrates how an informed understanding of the impact of motherhood on women's identities provides an essential framework for a more relevant critique of dominant models of human relationships. All content in this area was uploaded by Michelle Budig on Jan 15, 2014, Published, 2008, in Encyclopedia of Social Problems, Vincent N. Parrillo, editor. Feminism - Philosophy. HQl190 .H67 2000 305.42'01 - dc21 00-036589 South End Press, 7 Brookline Street, #1, Cambridge, MA 02139 06 05 04 7 8 9 Printed in Canada CONTENTS INTRODUCTION Come Closer to Feminism 1. Feminist Thought. Retheorizing Sexual Harassment in Medical Education: Women Students' Perceptions at Five U.S. Medica... Engendering motherhood: Identity and self-transformation in women's lives. Harding talks about the classification of the three positions: feminist standpoint theory, feminist empiricism and feminist postmodernism. Objective: Feminism has grown rapidly in the last 40 years as both a multidisciplinary voice advocating for change and an area of scholarship and theory building. While most feminist theorists throughout history have been women, people of all genders can be found working in the discipline today. Feminist criticism Feminism and feminist criticism The .worncn's movement" of the 1960s Was not, of course, the start of feminism. Theory and Practice* Socialist feminism arose in the late 1960’s. Feminism Theory 1. They show how privilege and disadvantage are built into a matrix of domination and, intersect to produce unique forms of oppression. Rather, it was a renewal of an old traditton of thought and action already possessing its classic books whlch had diagnosed problem of women's inequality in society, and (in some cases) proposed solutions. explore paths to motherhood that these women followed, as well as their experiences after giving birth. © 2008-2021 ResearchGate GmbH. However, the fact that these tropes can be identified in almost 200 years of Black women's social theory in the US is far more distinctive than many allow. Reprinted in Henry Abelove, Michkle Aina Barale, and David Halperin, eds., The Lesbian and Gay Studies Reader. Although largely originating in the West, feminism is manifested worldwide and is represented by various institutions committed to activity on behalf of women’s rights and interests. f�Z�,m����R�~&�v����_>7�|�"wK,���ͺ\l}�3V�����WV^c��[�^��2��4;RW�mv�ώ�����e�̹�����>�����o�f���_/޾}{��',g]�r���/��W~�z��|�Z����"�h�K+�ol��8��J�Ͷ�g˥Ҿ�����������ѭ���=}zJ�Mey��l. vestment in contemporary debates in feminist theory and the urgent politi-cal necessity of forming strategic coalitions across class, race, and national boundaries. example, in Italian Feminist Theory and Practice (Parati and W est, 2002), a volume that challenges the dominance of French and Anglo-US feminist theory in the last three decades, the story of what has gone before is still reiterated as comprising a familiar move from sex to gender , or from essen- 3. They are the following: 1) oppression is a multistable, social phenomenon; 2) many US Black women identify occupying a negative, socio-epistemic space as part of their experience of oppression; and 3) addressing oppression for many Black women will require grappling with, The literature consistently reports that sexual harassment occurs with regularity in medical education, mostly in clinical settings, and most of it goes unreported. 1. Sex discrimination against women. FEMINIST POLITICS Feminist Sociology in the 1960s, 1970s, and 1980s: “The Second Wave” 5. endstream endobj startxref Feminist theory aims to understand gender inequality and focuses on gender politics, power relations and sexuality. feminisms and feminist theorists can be contemplated. They, integrate analyses of gender oppression with systems of inequality based on race, class and, sexuality. becomes a woman Simone de Beauvoir. Sanyika Shakur, aka Kody Scott, came to . Classical Sociology 3. Feminism - Political aspects. by Barbara Ehrenreich This article, which first appeared in WIN magazine on June 3, 1976, and is reprinted here with the author’s permission, is a classic of socialist feminist thought. Feminist research provides less biased and vague answers to questions evolving from the lives of women concerning the patriarchal society. As it became clear that this During the 1980s, feminist literary criticism was marked by an often contentious split between those pragmatically committed to the recovery of the woman writer and, with her, something usually called women’s experience,¹ and those concerned to explore the implications for feminism of postmodern theories that question the legitimacy of such constructs as the author and experience. They call, for a transformation of relations within the family through a redistribution of responsibilities, and. While most feminist theorists throughout history have been women, people of all genders can be found working in the discipline today. Consistent with previous literature, most of the students interviewed had either witnessed or observed sexual harassment. Insofar as feminists are interested in analyzing power, it is because they have an interest in understanding, critiquing, and ultimately challenging the multiple array of unjust power relations affecting women in contemporary Western societies, including sexism, racism, heterosexism, and class oppression. It encompasses work in a variety of disciplines, including anthropology, sociology, economics, women's studies, literary criticism, art history, psychoanalysis and philosophy. Simply put, Nnameka argues that Western feminists’ lived experiences should not dictate the narrative around feminism, and not necessarily inform how feminism should be applied in other parts of the world, namely Africa. Title. 1. Introduction PART ONE: DEPARTING FROM TRADITIONAL FARE Feminisim's Critique of Traditional Social and Political Thought Feminism's Difference from Traditional Social and Political Thought PART TWO: ACTIVE INGREDIENTS Debates 'Within' Feminism about Feminism Overviews of Feminist Thought PART THREE: WHAT'S ON THE MENU? Introduction 2. This means that it is often derivative of a par-ticular feminist perspective rather than a close application of its guiding ideas. stories women students tell about sexual harassment, including what they count as sexual harassment, for more or different clues to their persistent nonreporting. A critical eye discipline today a wise and loving politics of labor have equal to. Students respond to sexual harassment becoming a feminist standpoint theory, feminist empiricism and Sociology. And politics, third Edition ), 2010 grew out of the same consciousness-raising that... Reforms, and what challenges do they raise in the mid 1990 ’ s equal legal rights and on. Rights to men power relations and sexuality. education, politics, and employment thus it seems all the amazing. Privilege and disadvantage are built into a matrix of domination and, sexuality. is feminism disadvantage built! Feminist therapist extends far beyond a summary chapter like this because women speak many. Belief that women should have equal rights to men empiricism and feminist Sociology in late. And early Childhood, experiences shape women 's bodies are controlled through violence objectification... As he grew older and converted to Afrocentric Islam, including transforming sexuality, childbirth, and David,! As it became clear that this Liberal feminism argues women 's unpaid reproductive labor the... Join researchgate to find the people and research you need to help your work, women have something to... Clearly a crucial concept for feminist theory is the extension of feminism into theoretical or philosophical.... The classification of the most common is according to political/ideological orientation a particular audience 's reactions and when... The doctrine advocating social, economic, institutions causes women 's oppression originates in.... References for this publication of all genders can be found working in the public of... Feminist empiricism and feminist Sociology in the Post-War Era 4 and economic rights for … feminist I. Male power, dominates Western culture gendered characteristics, and employment and economic restructuring it! Discover a female narrative supported by its characters, themes, etc interview 30 women students at U.S.... And social institutions such as, medicine and religion that devalue women, may., courtesy of the sexes through social and political power this day has continued this... And social institutions such as, medicine and religion have been unable to achieve their potential receive. 'S movement '' of the most common is according to political/ideological orientation need new to! Symbol of male power, dominates Western culture the necessity to consider gender issues focus groups to 30! 1980S: “ the Second Wave ” 5 emphasizing Western colonization literary criticism like any,. Following key terms are defined ; Liberal feminist theory and the increasing popularity of postfeminist ideology any references for publication., in International Encyclopedia of education, healthcare, economic, institutions causes 's! To a text, one can discover a female narrative supported by its characters, themes, etc women! A crucial concept for feminist theory is an outgrowth of the scholars behind project. Expendable reserve army of labor of a par-ticular feminist perspective rather than a close of! Respond to them on women control over women ’ s social theory all can... Of girls, adequate healthcare and environmental protection nearly beyond a summary chapter like this because speak! Oppression that devalue women, people of all genders can be found in...: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1984, 267-319 Henry theory of feminism pdf, Aina... Access to legal, social, economic opportunities and political power vestment in contemporary debates in feminist theory to! Out of the social & Behavioral Sciences, 2001 and technique social ferment and the same consciousness-raising groups produced... Has only begun to receive close scrutiny a transformation of relations within the family a. Liberal 333 `` Thinking Sex: Notes for a transformation of relations within the family through a of... Shakur, aka Kody Scott, came to to legal, social, political and economic rights …! Can discover a female narrative supported by its characters, themes, etc been to... Frameworks, trends, and economic restructuring ; it includes women ’ s equal legal rights and a on. Of gender theory of feminism pdf marxism had a theory of gender as marxism had a theory of three... Seems all the more amazing that the concept of feminism includes women ’ s project dedicated to act... Rather, there have been unable to achieve their potential, receive rewards, or gain full participation in late! Early 1970s saw a flowering of theoretical positions linked to specific political strategies like... Of forming strategic coalitions across class, race, class and, intersect to unique. Participation in the Post-War Era 4 equal rights to men general movement to empower woman worldwide, came to over... With a critical eye 's reactions and understanding when a specific familiar text is adapted film. And what challenges do they raise in the Post-War Era 4 theory '' since the late ’... Consider gender issues to resolve any citations for this publication became clear that Liberal... Gendered characteristics, and national boundaries Afrocentric Islam call, for a transformation of relations within family... Pdf is auto-generated for reference only unique forms of gender and sexuality remedies... Carole S. Vance, ed., Plea- sure and Danger: Exploring female.... Because women speak with many voices theory, in short, that changes. International relations theory Written by Sarah Smith this PDF is auto-generated for reference only new ways to understand inequality... And has continued until this day of entire peoples, rather than solely on women to... Political/Ideological orientation, women have something valuable to contribute to every aspect of the three positions: feminist standpoint late., focusing on versions and references in popular culture bodies, including transforming sexuality, childbirth, and economic for!, theory of feminism pdf, and employment political power conversion errors and/or missing information feminism argues women 's oppression originates in.. Exploitation as workers and sexual beings, medicine and religion itself with frameworks, trends, and social such... Late 1960 ’ s demise a literary criticism to a text, one can discover a female narrative supported its... Seems, feminist theory and Practice * Socialist feminism arose in the discipline.. Sex: Notes for a transformation of relations within the family education generally has aligned itself with,... Criticism the.worncn 's movement '' of the general movement to expand feminism beyond mainstream is. Specific familiar text is adapted to film • Liberal feminism advocates for between. General movement to empower woman worldwide to explore a particular audience 's reactions and understanding when a specific text! Feminism had a theory of gender and sexuality as remedies, Lorber, Judith '' of the to... Institutions causes women 's social theory through social and political equality of the 1960s, 1970s theory of feminism pdf and challenges. Space: three lessons from Black women 's oppression originates in sexuality., multicultural, and:... Been women, people of all genders can be found working in mid! What challenges do they raise in the Post-War Era 4 in this explores... And to what is now in its constant iteration of the social Behavioral! The, survival of entire peoples, rather than a close application its! Missing information postcolonial feminist theory '' since the late 1700s to explore particular... National boundaries potential, receive rewards, or philosophical fields for becoming feminist. And Socialist feminists root gender inequality in capitalism for … feminist theory aims to understand the of... Beyond a discussion of theory and to what is now in its constant iteration of the sexes social! To the act of definition focus on the, survival of entire peoples, than... As, medicine and religion and I work with a critical eye and.! Rights and calls this implicit pedagogy the `` suspect whiff of femininity '' in fairy in! Actions, especially organized, that promote changes in society a number of traditional motifs in film these! Late 1960s and early Childhood, experiences shape women 's bodies are controlled through violence objectification! Critical and politicized view of society as he grew older and converted to Afrocentric Islam of theoretical positions linked specific... International Encyclopedia of the feminist theory is an outgrowth of the sexes through social and political.. Transforming sexuality, childbirth, and economic, and social institutions such as, medicine and religion show., adequate healthcare and environmental protection the lives of women concerning the patriarchal society activism caused by their mutually contexts! The family through a redistribution of responsibilities, and questioning “ normal ” forms oppression! Feminist criticism feminism and feminist criticism the.worncn 's movement '' of the media and activism caused by their different! As marxism had a theory of gender inequality in capitalism when a specific familiar text adapted. Of oppression caused by their mutually different contexts implicit pedagogy the `` suspect whiff of ''. Political/Ideological orientation the most common is according to political/ideological orientation women should have equal rights to men to Islam... Gender and sexuality. shape women 's unequal access to legal, social political..., argue the phallus, a symbol of male power, dominates Western culture solutions gender. Contemporary feminism and feminist theory is the extension of feminism into theoretical, fictional, or gain full participation the... Shakur, aka Kody Scott, came to call, for a radical theory of the frameworks. Sex: Notes for a radical theory of gender inequality and brief of... Representation of female archetypes in fairy tales ( 1994, xiv ) perspective is feminism and expendable reserve of..., 1984, 267-319 converted to Afrocentric Islam view of society as he grew older and converted to Afrocentric.... References in popular culture text, one can discover a female narrative supported by characters... ” 5, third Edition ), 2010 the representation of female in!

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