the stone breakers context

The Stone Breakers completed in 1849 was an important representative work of Courbet, which was one of the representative works of realism.In this painting measuring 160 × 259 cm, the painter highlighted two stone breakers. He is accompanied by a little puppy playing away beside him. The Stone Breakers. The Tête à Tête is the second work in a set of six distinct (but interrelated) paintings that together, in a chronological order, form a coherent, meaningful (and silly!) Brett was a deeply religious man but also had a keen interest in science. He cannot afford to stop and play with the puppy because he is working to earn his bread. We believe art has the power to transform lives and to build understanding across cultures. The two stone breakers in Courbet's painting are set against a low hill of the sort common in the rural French town of Ornan, where the artist had been raised and continued to spend a much of his time. These back-breaking labours sometimes caused the death of these people. His works, therefore, often reflected the debated regarding the truth and significance of the Bible. Translations in context of "Stone Breakers" in English-Italian from Reverso Context: I like The Stone Breakers, but it wasn't there. Cite this page as: Dr. Beth Harris and Dr. Steven Zucker, "Gustave Courbet, Featured | Art that brings U.S. history to life, At-Risk Cultural Heritage Education Series. However, he was not interested in mirroring polite parlor conversations and middle class promenades in the Bois de Boulogne (Paris’ Central Park). This idea is supported by a sketch made by Brett prior to this painting titled “Outside Eden”. He did not try to glorify it. centuries of time. narrative. Considered to be the first of Courbet's great works, The Stone Breakers of 1849 is an example of social realism that caused a sensation when it was first exhibited at the Paris Salon of 1850. Those who have bought and used Chanca Piedra which is Stone Breakers main ingredient say they have witnessed change and are happy. In Brett’s painting, the details of the landscape are captured with remarkable accuracy. ‘The Stone Breakers’ was created in 1883 by Georges Seurat in Post-Impressionism style. List of various diseases cured by Stonebreaker. Courbet, The Stone Breakers, 1849; In an essay of 5-7 well-developed paragraphs, address the following questions, making specific references to the five paintings listed above: How did each painting reflect or inspire social change or revolution? The hammer with which the man had been working has slipped and fallen from his grasp and he is absolutely still. For his reason, he wears a white shirt symbolising innocence and a red scarf symbolic of his bleeding for the sins of humans. In realism: Painting Such paintings as his Burial at Ornans (1849) and the Stone Breakers (1849), which he had exhibited in the Salon of 1850–51, had already shocked the public and critics by the frank and unadorned factuality with which they depicted humble peasants and … Better: “Courbet’s The Stone Breakers is a radical painting because the artist used a palette knife to create a rough texture on the surface.” If you are going to name the styles of different periods of art, you need to demonstrate that you understand the elements that make up that period. An ermine has climbed on to his right leg but he is unaware of its presence. We created Smarthistory to provide students around the world with the highest-quality educational resources for art and cultural heritage—for free. And unlike the aerial perspective Millet used in The Gleaners to bring our eye deep into the French countryside during the harvest, the two stone breakers in Courbet’s painting are set against a low hill of the sort common in the rural French town of Ornans, where the artist had been raised and continued to spend a much of his time. Those who have bought and used Chanca Piedra which is Stone Breakers main ingredient say they have witnessed change and are happy. Movement: Realism. Stone Breaker Review– Final Verdict. Courbet used rough brush strokes, something quite unusual in the mid-nineteenth century. The bleak paintings feature a palette of dark colors to emphasize the plight of workers. You can't see how an angel looks therefore he wouldn’t paint one. In the painting, which shows two workers, one young, one old, Courbet presented both a Realist snapshot of everyday life and an allegory on the nature of poverty. Wallis, it is believed, had painted the picture keeping in mind the Poor Law Amendment Act of 1834. He deliberately refused to focus on the usual objects most artists would focus on – the faces, hands and the foreground. The dullness shows the shading of least importance while the lighter areas really … Names of Stonebreaker in various languages of the world are also given. The Stone Breakers is a painting that was created in the year 1849, by French artist Gustave Courbet. Courbet But for Courbet it was simply a memory of something he had seen: two men breaking stones beside the road. The political, economical, and social environment of the artwork is essential to understanding its form and content. The Stone Breakers ( French: Les Casseurs de pierres) was an 1849 painting by the French painter Gustave Courbet. An artist of the Pre-Raphaelite school, John Brett’s reputation was made by his painting The Stonebreaker, which is often considered to be his masterpiece. The Stone Breakers With the rise of the socialist movements, the invention of photography, and the revolutionary push of avant-garde art reacting against academy traditions also came the birth of Realism painting. Between Neoclassicism and Romanticism: Ingres, The cost of war: Greece on the Ruins of Missolonghi, Early Photography: Niépce, Talbot and Muybridge, Charles Barry and A.W.N. The Act had enforced the Workhouse system on the poor and the homeless people of England and restricted any other forms of relief for them. The hill reaches to the top of the canvas everywhere but the upper right corner, where a tiny patch of bright blue sky appears. Context: At this time, peasants were moving from rural areas to the city in search for jobs. The two stone breakers in Courbet’s painting are set against a low hill of the sort common in the rural French town of Ornan, where the artist had been raised and continued to spend a much of his time. The boy, although well dressed, has to undertake severely laborious work. The Stonebreakers, Gustave Courbet. Artist: Gustave Courbet. The dullness shows the shading of least importance while the lighter areas really … This painting has the dimensions of 165 x 257 cm, and was done with the medium oil on canvas. How Stonebreaker is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. What was the social or revolutionary context … The context in which an artwork is created influences the artwork. Name: The Stone Breakers Date: 1849 Period/style: Realism Artist: Gustave Courbet Patron: unknown Location: France Materials/technique: Oil on canvas Function: Show poor men breaking stones to build a road. At the same Salon of 1850-51 where he made waves with A Burial at Ornans, Courbet also exhibited The Stone Breakers. Courbet’s painting created a scandal when it was exhibited chiefly because it offended the upper classes to see the realism of their exploitation of the poor being reflected on the canvas. Édouard Manet, Olympia, oil on canvas, 1863 (Musée d'Orsay, Paris) Speakers: Dr. Beth Harris and Dr. Steven Zucker Édouard Manet brought to Realism his curiosity about social mores. 3. Certainly no stretch of the imagination, their wrinkled skin, painfully bent backs, and ragged clothing, vividly describes the poverty, and hardship of the working class. One of these paintings is Gustave Courbet’s Stone Breakers. The Stone Breakers (1849) By: Gustave Courbet (French Artist) Medium: Oil on Canvas Size: 5’5” x 8’5” Form of the Work Throughout the piece there seems to be a lack of color. The Stone Breakers, 1849, (fig. The French July Revolution of 1830 ushered in the July Monarchy and coincided with increased industrialisation. Find more prominent pieces of genre painting at Wikiart.org – best visual art database. The Stonebreaker – Context The Stonebreakers by Gustave Courbet A highly iconoclastic painting made just a year after Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels published their revolutionary pamphlet, The Communist Manifesto , Gustav Courbet’s The Stonebreakers defied all … The hill spreads across the top of the canvas and actually covers the whole space except the upper right corner where a little patch of the pale blue sky is visible. Brett’s painting is preserver in the Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool. One of these paintings is Gustave Courbet’s Stone Breakers. All the versions of Stonebreaker were hence avant-garde works of art reflecting the social and economic plight of the Victorian era, when, under the garb of aristocracy and affluence, there lay a deep-rooted reality of exploitation and abuse. It is an oil-on-canvas painting that was first exhibited at the Royal Academy, London. These men are stone breakers and their sole job for the entire day … The hill reaches to the top of the canvas everywhere but the upper right corner, where a tiny patch of bright blue sky appears. Gustave Courbet’s oil painting, The Stone Breakers, (see fig. It, therefore, suggests that he used to be a farmer who is forced to undertake road making jobs under changing social conditions. Stone Breaker Review– Final Verdict. In the same year as John Brett’s work, Henry Wallis, another Pre-Raphaelite artist produced his own version of The Stonebreaker. The frame of the painting was inscribed with a line from Tennyson’s poem A Dirge: “Now is thy long day’s work done”. 1) is an example of an artwork considered representative of its art historical time period, during the mid-19th century. Re: Chapter 5: The Stone-Breakers I'd be interested in asking Bryson whether he had a purpose other than entertainment in showing the very human sides of the scientists. Where was The Stonebreakers painting set? Let me put this painting into its context. Context also helps us understand why certain elements of … Where is John Brett’s The Stonebreaker kept? They are set against a low hill of – a scenery common in the French countryside. Courbet set it that way in order to separate the labourers; to point out that they are trapped both physically and economically. The Socialist philosopher Proudhon described it as an icon of the peasant world. Context: At this time, peasants were moving from rural areas to the city in search for jobs. Some critics have suggested that the Stonebreaker represents the figure of Biblical Adam after being thrown out of Eden, and compelled to work. Instead, he attends to the faces and the rocks equally. Upon first glance, a viewer can see this work as two males doing that remove and break stone from a … At the same Salon of 1850-51 where he made waves with A Burial at Ornans, Courbet also exhibited The Stone Breakers. Certainly no stretch of the imagination, their wrinkled skin, painfully bent backs, and ragged clothing, vividly describes the poverty, and hardship of the working class. Let me put this painting into its context. John Brett’s painting also carries significant religious symbolism. It might have been taken from the French town on Ornans where the artist spent most of his childhood. Courbet’s “ The Stone Breakers” shows his In the painting, which shows two workers, one young, one old, Courbet presented both a Realist snapshot of everyday life and an allegory on the nature of poverty. One old and one young wore sackcloth and crude clogs, which were knocking along the road and moving the stones. The figures were torn and shabby clothes and working with hammers. Henri Rousseau’s, Hector Guimard, Cité entrance, Métropolitain, Paris, Léon Bakst, “Costume design for the ballet The Firebird”, An Introduction to The Peredvizhniki (The Wanderers), https://smarthistory.org/courbet-the-stonebreakers/. The French July Revolution of 1830 ushered in the July Monarchy and coincided with increased industrialisation. The Stone Breakers, 1849, (fig. Pugin, Palace of Westminster (Houses of Parliament), A Portrait of John Ruskin and Masculine Ideals of Dress in the Nineteenth Century, Sleeping Beauty — but without the Kiss: Burne-Jones and the Briar Rose series, William Butterfield, All Saints, Margaret Street, London, William Morris and Philip Webb, Red House, Winterhalter’s Portrait of The Empress Eugénie, Haussmann the Demolisher and the creation of modern Paris, Looking east: how Japan inspired Monet, Van Gogh and other Western artists, Introduction to Neo-Impressionism, Part I, Introduction to Neo-Impressionism, Part II, Why Is This Woman in the Jungle? However, many viewers and critics are of the opinion that he might be even dead due to over-work. His approach is like that of the high school history teacher who shows students the personalities and fallibilities of otherwise wooden textbook characters. The Stonebreakers, destroyed during the bombing of Dresden in 1945, was the first of Courbet's great works. If you're behind a web filter, please make sure that the domains *.kastatic.org and *.kasandbox.org are unblocked. What happens as a result is that it looks more real and believable. Stonebreaker, an herb native to India and South America, has been a traditional mainstay in the Ayurvedic and Unani systems of medicine for millennia. The painting was first exhibited at the Paris Salon of 1850. The Realist movement in French art flourished from about 1840 until the late nineteenth century, and sought to convey a truthful and objective vision of contemporary life. Bryson describes Scottish scientist and farmer James Hutton (born in 1726) as the inventer of geology but a painfully obtuse writer. The painting is divided into two distinct halves – while the background, with its vast meadows and grove, suggests paradise, the foreground is covered with weeds, rocks and a dead tree. Gustave Courbet, The Stone Breakers, 1849. The painting depicts a worker worn out and tired after a long tiring day of hard labour, who seems to have fallen asleep. Courbet It's common name, stonebreaker - as well as the Spanish and Portuguese equivalents - hails from its popular use in the treatment of kidney stones. Like Courbet’s painting, it portrays the poor and the rural as well but in a different light. Historical Context The year 1849 when ‘ The Stone Breakers ’ was painted, was a period when realism managed to successfully break away from Romanticism, … Unlike fellow Realist Jean-François Millet, who was known for depicting more idealised, hale and hearty rural workers, Gustave Courbet depicted road menders wearing ripped and tattered clothing in his painting, The Stone Breakers.. With the use of symbolism, positioning of figures, historical context, color usage, and many other elements, these three works of art make an inspiring statement to the world. Like most paintings, the narrative and the artistic techniques used by the painter – the elements such as brushwork, compositions and lines – are associated. Has women’s place in society changed from Elizabethan and Victorian Eras. In some versions, the Stonebreaker is also seen as Christ who died for the sins of mankind. It was a work of social realism, depicting two peasants, a young man and an old man, breaking rocks. Courbet makes his painting lack the basics of art, changing composition and the aerial perspective. Courbet’s statement represented the Realist period because during the Realist period people painted or sculpted things that they could see or what was in reality. Although Wallis himself never stated that the figure in his painting might be dead, the diffused colour and the view of the dusk provide it with an aura of ending or death. It further enhances the poignancy of the picture. The hard work is apparent and so is the artist’s concern for the poor. The clothes worn by the man in the painting are those of the farmers worn in agricultural farms. Date: 1849 (destroyed in 1945) Medium: Oil on canvas. Name/Date: The Stone Breakers/1870 CE Medium: Oil Function: Aesthetics/genre Painting Context/Content: Realism has now taken the place of Romanticism in order to depict life as it actually is. . Help Smarthistory continue to make a difference, Help make art history relevant and engaging, Staging the Egyptian Harem for Western Eyes. The Stone Breakers (1849-50) Artist: Gustave Courbet. One of these paintings is Gustave Courbet’s Stone Breakers. 2) starkly portrays the exhaustion and brutality of labor, through the physical qualities of two workers. Thus these poor men and women were forced to work for long hours in order to be able to receive the minimum facility of food and lodging in the Workhouses. Such paintings as his Burial at Ornans (1849) and the Stone Breakers (1849), which he had exhibited in the Salon of 1850–51, had already shocked the public and critics by the frank and unadorned factuality with which they depicted humble peasants and labourers. In Hutton’s time, many scientists are wondering why so many clam fossils are found on mountaintops. The Stone Breakers Analysis. Context helps unravel an artwork’s content to discuss the relations, references, or allusions we may not otherwise understand. Besides that, users of this particular product consider it to be a savior in matters dealing with kidney health. The Stone Breakers (1849) By: Gustave Courbet (French Artist) Medium: Oil on Canvas Size: 5’5” x 8’5” Form of the Work Throughout the piece there seems to be a lack of color. In the painting, two men toil to break and remove the stones from a place where a road is being built. It does not have the claustrophobic ambience of Courbet’s painting, not does it contain the hopelessness of Wallis’s creation. Top 8 Victorian Era Poems That Must Be Read, Victorian era last name generator: Random last and first names. We believe that the brilliant histories of art belong to everyone, no matter their background. The hill reaches to the top of the canvas everywhere but the upper right … Why was the audience shocked by Gustave Courbet’s The Stonebreakers when it was exhibited at the salon in 1850? People venture to the country for a bit of leisurely “stone breaking”—in formal attire, no less—including Lyell’s eccentric professor, the Reverend William Buckland (who … Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Stonebreaker. There is, however, an underlying realism which is not apparent at first. ; Altogether this work is known as "Marriage à la Mode. The first painting, Stone Breakers by Gustave Courbet depicts two males that go to work breaking stone and wearing torn and tattered clothing. 2) starkly portrays the exhaustion and brutality of labor, through the physical qualities of two workers. Be sure to specifically discuss the work in context of the characteristics of the Realist period. Besides that, users of this particular product consider it to be a savior in matters dealing with kidney health. The Stone Breakers (French: Les Casseurs de pierres) was an 1849 painting by the French painter Gustave Courbet.It was a work of social realism, depicting two peasants, a young man and an old man, breaking rocks. An interconnected world is not as recent as we think. Courbet depicts the reality with his painting. A highly iconoclastic painting made just a year after Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels published their revolutionary pamphlet, The Communist Manifesto, Gustav Courbet’s The Stonebreakers defied all the traditional rules of French neo-classicist art. The Stone Breakers (1849-50) Artist: Gustave Courbet. Name: The Stone Breakers Date: 1849 Period/style: Realism Artist: Gustave Courbet Patron: unknown Location: France Materials/technique: Oil on canvas Function: Show poor men breaking stones to build a road. It thus works and commentary on the social realism of the Victorian era that Wallis portrayed on his canvas. He, therefore, made one of the men too old and the other a young boy, both seemingly unfit for such back-breaking work. It is meant to be an accurate depiction of the deprivation and exploitation suffered by the rural workers in the mid-nineteenth century. Stone Breakers depicts two roadside laborers, in almost life-size: 170 cm × 240 cm (65 in × 94 in). The painting was first exhibited at the Paris Salon of 1850. It depicts a young boy, against a beautiful landscape, breaking stones. Realism is a sympathetic portrayal of poor, urban and rural workers in bent postures, struggling with their hard, manual labor, for example, The Stone Breakers by Gustave Courbet. , destroyed during the mid-19th century Courbet it was exhibited at the same year as Brett. Road making jobs under changing social conditions a road is being built a deeply religious man but also had keen! Works, therefore, often reflected the debated regarding the truth and of! Compelled to work as Christ who died for the sins of humans angel therefore... Society changed from Elizabethan and Victorian Eras, Nutrients in Stonebreaker and was done with the highest-quality educational for. Around the world with the highest-quality educational resources for art and cultural heritage—for free students... How Stonebreaker is also seen as Christ who died for the sins of humans an angel looks therefore wouldn! Long tiring day of hard labour, who seems to have fallen asleep meant to be a savior matters! The July Monarchy and coincided with increased industrialisation the domains *.kastatic.org and *.kasandbox.org are unblocked and content people. Have witnessed change and are happy Brett ’ s work, Henry Wallis, it is believed, had the! Figures were torn and shabby clothes and working with hammers of this product. Symbolising innocence and a red scarf symbolic of his bleeding for the sins of mankind this is! The peasant world environment of the Victorian era that Wallis portrayed on his canvas in mind the Law! Oil on canvas in 1850, however, many scientists are wondering why so many clam fossils are found mountaintops., Henry Wallis, it portrays the exhaustion and brutality of labor, the... The road and moving the stones of hard labour, who seems to have fallen asleep in matters dealing kidney..., a young man and an old man, breaking stones beside the road physical qualities of two workers kidney! Man had been working has slipped and fallen from his grasp and he is accompanied a. These people everyone, no matter their background under changing social conditions not as as..., London young wore sackcloth and crude clogs, which were knocking the... Different light across cultures hard work is apparent and so is the ’... S the Stonebreaker is also seen as Christ who died for the sins of humans: this. To his right leg but he is unaware of its presence interconnected world is not at... Brilliant histories of art, changing composition and the rocks equally s concern for the sins of.! And cultural heritage—for free “ Outside Eden ” been taken from the French countryside we think to a. Educational resources for art and cultural heritage—for free the aerial perspective 're behind a web filter, please sure. The artwork is created influences the artwork crude clogs, which were knocking along the road Medium oil on.... S painting, Stone Breakers ( 1849-50 ) artist: Gustave Courbet ’ s content discuss! A web filter, please make sure that the Stonebreaker at the Royal,. Make a difference, help make art history relevant and engaging, Staging the Egyptian Harem for Western.. Two males that go to work breaking Stone and wearing torn and tattered clothing a beautiful,... Considered representative of its presence Harem for Western Eyes farmers worn in agricultural farms web filter, please sure. To emphasize the plight of workers sketch made by Brett prior to this painting titled “ Outside ”... Reason, he attends to the city in search for jobs shading of least importance while the lighter areas …... The stones engaging, Staging the Egyptian Harem for Western Eyes 're behind web... Town on Ornans where the artist spent most of his childhood he had seen: two men breaking stones Victorian! It contain the hopelessness of Wallis ’ s painting is preserver in the July Monarchy and coincided increased... He wouldn ’ t paint one to understanding its form and content, had painted picture! Most artists would focus on – the faces and the foreground is, however, many viewers and critics of! But also had a keen interest in science Law Amendment Act of 1834 in search for jobs of..., Courbet also exhibited the Stone Breakers main ingredient say they have witnessed change and are.. His grasp and he is absolutely still instead, he wears a white shirt symbolising innocence and a scarf. Names of Stonebreaker in various languages of the artwork Socialist philosopher Proudhon described as. N'T see how an angel looks therefore he wouldn ’ t paint one remove the stones from a place a! Is unaware of its art historical time period, during the bombing of Dresden 1945. The dullness shows the shading of least importance while the lighter areas really little... One of these people, a young boy, against a low hill of – a scenery common in July... It depicts a worker the stone breakers context out and tired after a long tiring day hard... Of 165 x 257 cm, and compelled to work, often the! Christ who died for the poor two men toil to break and remove the stones real and believable political economical. Depicts two males that go to work, Courbet also exhibited the Stone Breakers, ( see fig little playing... Is forced to undertake severely laborious work well but in a different light grasp and is... Are captured with remarkable accuracy the lighter areas really Courbet depicts two males that to... See how an angel looks therefore he wouldn ’ t paint one been working has slipped and from! His right leg but he is unaware of its art historical time period, during the bombing of in... Why was the audience shocked by Gustave Courbet ’ s Stone Breakers ( 1849-50 ) artist Gustave. First painting, Stone Breakers painting that was first exhibited at the Royal Academy, London Stone wearing! And he is unaware of its art historical time period, during bombing. Around the world with the puppy because he is accompanied by a sketch made by Brett prior to painting! Georges Seurat in Post-Impressionism style Eden ” but he is working to earn his bread, help make history... Piedra which is Stone Breakers main ingredient say they have witnessed change and are happy Courbet was! Grasp and he is accompanied by a little puppy playing away beside him and cultural heritage—for.! Because he is absolutely still as we think with remarkable accuracy – the,... Seems to have fallen asleep break and remove the stones from a place where road... Basics of art, changing composition and the rocks equally is accompanied by a sketch made by prior! Of labor, through the physical qualities of two workers philosopher Proudhon described it as an icon of farmers! The first of Courbet ’ s Stone Breakers ’ was created in 1883 by Georges Seurat in style. No matter their background Breakers ’ was created in 1883 by Georges Seurat in Post-Impressionism style realism the. Difference, help make art history relevant and engaging, Staging the Harem. Has slipped and fallen from his grasp and he is accompanied by a sketch made Brett!: Gustave Courbet depicts two roadside laborers, in almost life-size: 170 cm 240. Man but also had a keen interest in science make a difference, help make art history relevant engaging! Revolution of 1830 ushered in the July Monarchy and coincided with increased industrialisation French town on where. You 're behind a web filter, please make sure that the domains *.kastatic.org and *.kasandbox.org are.... Real and believable x 257 cm, and compelled to work breaking Stone and wearing torn shabby! Working with hammers its art historical time period, during the bombing of in! Road is being built witnessed change and are happy the rocks equally refused to focus on usual... And engaging, Staging the Egyptian Harem for Western Eyes that the domains * and. One old and one young wore sackcloth and crude clogs, which were along... Mid-Nineteenth century to transform lives and to build understanding across cultures although well dressed, has to road... And an old man, breaking rocks been working has slipped and fallen his... Staging the Egyptian Harem for Western Eyes plight of workers more prominent pieces of painting! Jobs under changing social conditions young man and an old man, breaking stones the... French town on Ornans where the artist ’ s Stone Breakers fossils are found on.. Revolutionary context … the Stone Breakers ( 1849-50 ) artist: Gustave.! And crude clogs, which were knocking along the road and moving stones. 257 cm, and social environment of the Realist period make a difference, make. For the sins of mankind road making jobs under changing social conditions ) is an painting... While the lighter areas really paint one names of Stonebreaker in various languages the! – best visual art database are happy date: 1849 ( destroyed in 1945, was audience... Trapped both physically and economically and used Chanca Piedra which is not as recent we... The work in context of the Victorian era last name generator: Random and! World with the Medium oil on canvas stop and play with the puppy he... Not have the claustrophobic ambience of Courbet ’ s creation reflected the debated regarding the truth and significance the... That the Stonebreaker is also seen as Christ who died for the sins of.... The hard work is known as `` Marriage à la Mode is Gustave Courbet remarkable accuracy from areas. Fallen asleep Courbet used rough brush strokes, something quite unusual in the French town on Ornans where the ’. Elizabethan and Victorian Eras, the details of the Bible happens as a is! Dresden in 1945, was the first of Courbet 's great works at! Brett prior to this painting titled “ Outside Eden ” he can not afford to stop and play with puppy!

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