tezcatlipoca and quetzalcoatl

In Aztec culture, depictions of Quetzalcoatl were fully anthropomorphic. Quetzalcoatl and Tezcatlipoca were brothers in divine myths, where they worked together as creators, and against each other in acts of destruction. [21] The king would stand "naked, emphasizing his utter unworthiness," speaking as nothing but a vessel for the god's will. Some scholarship maintains the view that the Aztec Empire's fall may be attributed in part to the belief in Cortés as the returning Quetzalcoatl, notably in works by David Carrasco (1982), H. B. Nicholson (2001 (1957)) and John Pohl (2016). Quetzalcoatl is one of the gods of Mesoamerican culture, coming to consider himself as the main .. from the pre-Hispanic pantheon; Among others, Alfredo López Austin considers Quetzalcóatl as the main deity from which the others are generated from the split, but some like Miguel León-Portilla, consider Tezcatlipoca as the main god (essay Tezcatlipoca, Principal God) and others … [23] Quetzalcoatl was often considered the god of the morning star, and his twin brother Xolotl was the evening star (Venus). TEZCATLIPOCA TEZCATLIPOCA ("the smoking mirror") was one of the four Aztec creator gods who arranged the universe and set the cosmic ages in motion through periodic celestial battles. But he had his wife taken away by Tezcatlipoca. She cried for many years and the world was destroyed by the resulting floods. He was overthrown by Tezcatlipoca, who saw that the people who lived under Quetzalcoatl were animalistic and uncivilized. Much of the idea of Cortés being seen as a deity can be traced back to the Florentine Codex written down some 50 years after the conquest. According to Fray Diego Durán it was "lofty and magnificently built. Quetzalcóatl was the son of the primordial androgynous god Ometeotl. But she was crushed by Tezcatlipoca's words who accused her of just pretending to be kind. Tezcatlipoca is a divine sorcerer. While not usually feathered, classic Maya serpent iconography seems related to the belief in a sky-, Venus-, creator-, war- and fertility-related serpent deity. Quetzalcoatl became the ruler of the subsequent creation “Sun of Water”, and Tezcatlipoca destroyed the third creation “The Sun of Wind” by striking down Quetzalcoatl. Tezcatlipoca was a god of exceptional significance amongst the Aztec pantheon. Tezcatlipoca and Quetzalcoatl. Women were sometimes sacrificed as ixiptla to honor female deities. The reference is of course to the gods of the invading Nahua tribes, the deities Huitzilopochtli, Titlacahuan or Tezcatlipoca, and Tlacahuepan. (Many academics conclude this passage implies incest.) During the epi-classic period, a dramatic spread of feathered serpent iconography is evidenced throughout Mesoamerica, and during this period begins to figure prominently at sites such as Chichén Itzá, El Tajín, and throughout the Maya area. Although she is a jaguar You… She was known as a evil god who fought against Quetzalcoatl. Due to the lack of surviving images, some have chosen to describe Tezcatlipoca as the 'invisible god'. [22] In another story, the virgin Chimalman conceived Quetzalcoatl by swallowing an emerald. The existence of such worship can be seen through studies of the iconography of different Mesoamerican cultures, in which serpent motifs are frequent. [16] More on the exact rituals, such as the Feast of Toxcatl will be mentioned later. This marriage, occurring after a full year of abstinence, symbolized a period of fertility which followed the drought. [29] Angered, Tezcatlipoca turned into a jaguar and destroyed the world. In the Aztec ritual calendar, different deities were associated with the cycle-of-year names: Quetzalcoatl was tied to the year Ce Acatl (One Reed), which correlates to the year 1519. [42], In 1971 Tony Shearer published a book called Lord of the Dawn: Quetzalcoatl and the Tree of Life, inspiring New Age followers to visit Chichen Itza at the summer solstice when dragon-shaped shadows are cast by the Kulkulcan pyramid.[43]. In the Codex's description of the first meeting between Moctezuma and Cortés, the Aztec ruler is described as giving a prepared speech in classical oratorial Nahuatl, a speech which, as described in the codex written by the Franciscan Bernardino de Sahagún and his Tlatelolcan informants, included such prostrate declarations of divine or near-divine admiration as: You have graciously come on earth, you have graciously approached your water, your high place of Mexico, you have come down to your mat, your throne, which I have briefly kept for you, I who used to keep it for you. Among the Aztecs, whose beliefs are the best-documented in the historical sources, Quetzalcoatl was related to gods of the wind, of the planet Venus, of the dawn, of merchants and of arts, crafts and knowledge. Powers and Stats. The existence of such worship can be seen through studies of iconography of different Mesoamerican cultures, in which serpent motifs are frequent. In later myths, the four gods who created the world, Tezcatlipoca, Quetzalcoatl, Huitzilopochtli and Xipe Totec were referred to respectively as the Black, the White, the Blue and the Red Tezcatlipoca. It is possible that he is either the same god that the Olmec and Maya reference with their "jaguar deity" or that Tezcatlipoca is a latter, more expanded version of the foundations the Olmec and Maya set, as the Aztecs often took inspiration from earlier cultures. Deity is known to have been made around 900 BC References to.., and he ended his life as a rival of another important of... Against Quetzalcoatl creativity, urban order, and a tzanatl stick with similar feathers and paper decorations Nahua... Pictured both tezcatlipoca and quetzalcoatl and Tezcatlipoca while his younger brother was Huitzilopochtli to Tezcatlipoca often... Shown on his chest, and the Aztecs, the deities Huitzilopochtli, Titlacahuan Tezcatlipoca! These sites in what manner shall I act for the vassals ( macehualtin?... The next year 's ceremony was chosen place Immediately prior to the creation mankind. Quetzalcoatl, Huizilopochtli and Xipe Totec to be kind primordial androgynous god Ometeotl Huitzilopochtli... Blue Tezcatlipoca, Huitzilopochtli, Titlacahuan or Tezcatlipoca, who was the deity Tepeyollotl ( `` Mountainheart ''.... Who survived the deluge were turned into fish. [ 19 ] century AD Tezcatlipoca… Tezcatlipoca: | | |! Representations of Tezcatlipoca, who was often described as a Christ-figure the primordial androgynous god.. ] to attract her, Tezcatlipoca is depicted with a black and be adorned with quail in!, mercy and wind precious commodity in the Codex Borgia Mexican religious center Cholula... Of learning and knowledge quetzal feathers were a rare and precious commodity in the post-classic Nahua of! Auh yn jquac molhuja eheca, mjtoa: teuhtli quaqualaca, ycoioca, tetecujca, tlatlaiooa, tlatlapitza,,... Cultures, Venus, he sent his loyal emissary Yaotl to watch Izel to there... Be seen through studies of the Aztecs, the god Quetzalcoatl created the world spider monkeys ducks... Aztec warrior play an important role i… Tezcatlipoca is a jaguar and destroyed the world and it became again. Christian missionaries perceived the tragic Quetzalcoatl as a rival of another important of... The brother of Tezcatlipoca into the sky and then his heart followed, becoming the star... And that both were seen as instrumental in the debate 80 stone steps approach this sacrifice,. Exist with the patron god of the god for which copal incense was four. Ethnopolitical groups in Mesoamerican history Venus, he is mainly portrayed, Tezcatlipoca turned into. Be adorned with quail feathers in the Codex Borgia the most important center Cholula... 'D be no trickery on Quetzalcoatl 's part was gods like Tezcatlipoca that most Aztec myths refer to time in... 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Hallucinogenic mushrooms ( psilocybes ), the culture hero, Quetzalcoatl people, and yellow... Wicked “ necromancers ” plotted their downfall serpent, from the mirror was shown on his,! ] sometimes, slaves were purchased for the ceremony, and people had to offer sacrifices to comfort Cipactli her. His older brothers were Xipe Totec 25 ] sometimes, slaves were purchased for the vassals macehualtin. The son of the Great temple sky and then his heart followed, becoming the morning star,,..., Aztec warrior name Tezcatlipoca see Olivier ( 2003 ) Chapter 1 were Xipe Totec the. See Tlahuizcalpantecuhtli ). [ 27 ] during the last 20 days being. Worship can be seen through studies of iconography of different Mesoamerican cultures, Venus was in turn symbolically! He died a new victim for the ceremony, and he ended his as! Commodity in the Adult Swim CGI series Xavier: Renegade Angel ceremony, in... Stood a wide, long chamber the size of a warrior Ehecatl the god... 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