mormon definition us history

However, distress rose again. Learn more. Mormon (plural Mormons) 1. (Editor’s note: many of the references in our articles on Mormonism are Mormon publications, such as Mormon Doctrine, Articles of Faith, Doctrines of Salvation, History of the Church, Doctrine and Covenants, and so forth. Mormon meaning: 1. a member of a religious group called the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, which…. An ancient prophet believed to have compiled a sacred history of the Americas, which was translated and published by Joseph Smith as the Book of Mormon in 1830. Smith further reported that, three years later, he encountered an angel named Moroni who revealed to him the existence of buried golden plates that bore engravings, in an archaic tongue, of the history of early peoples of North America. Nauvoo rapidly became the state`s biggest city. The Mormon Church was founded in New York after Joseph Smith, Jr. claimed to have found a buried book of golden plates written by ancient American prophets in the late 1820s. In June 1845 the leader of the Mormons, Joseph Smith, was murdered. 1.1. originally, Mormon was the name of the ancient American prophet who compiled the writings that constitute the Book of Mormon. Or do you just have an interest in foreign languages? The conflict ended in 1858 when Young accepted the new governor and President Buchanan gave full pardon to all concerned. The term Mormon has been used to refer to members of all these groups, but it most often refers solely to members of The Ch… The original Mormon temple was opened in Kirtland in … 2. Also called Latter-day Saint. Expelled from Missouri the same year, nearly 15,000 Mormons retreated to Illinois. Joseph Smith had planned to relocate his followers to the Great Basin in the Rocky Mountains. The Mormon priesthood look toward the establishment of a temporal kingdom in connection with their religion. This booklet will be a useful resource to have on hand as you strive to better understand Mormon definitions and … After Smith's death in 1844 the movement split into several groups following different leaders; the majority followed Brigham Young, while smaller groups followed Joseph Smith III, Sidney Rigdon, and James Strang. Mobs pushed the Mormons out of Illinois in 1846. The Pearl of Great Price is composed of two lost books from the Bible, a translation of the Gospel of Matthew, Joseph Smith’s history, and the 13 Articles of Faith. As an adjective by 1842. The number of Utah settlements increased*, ultimately forcing the resident Indians, in particular the Utes, onto reservations. In 1838, Smith set up a new spiritual colony in Missouri, but by 1839, anti-Mormon prejudice there had proved too virulent. Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS), also called Mormonism, church that traces its origins to a religion founded by Joseph Smith in the United States in 1830. English Language Learners Definition of Mormon. The Mormon produced a package which he had been concealing under his chair. Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012. the popular name given to a member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. The 1830s was a decade of expansion, but also significant difficulties cropped up in those years. In 1831, Smith relocated the church headquarters to Kirtland and over nearly 10 years, he formulated its essential polity and several of its present teachings. See more. The Missouri Mormons had settled in a town called Far West in the northern part of the state, following their expulsion from Independence in 1834. Mormons often have unique definitions for Biblical terms. In over 4,500 family history centers operated around the world by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, the fabric of humanity is being woven together as volunteers compile and record important dates and information about those who have died. Congress continued to oppose the Mormon practice of polygamy, and the church finally condemned that family arrangement in 1890. One element founded a newspaper to castigate Smith, who had become a presidential contender. The 1837 insolvency of a Mormon bank, squabbles among some church members, and strife with non-church neighbors, scattered the Kirtland faithful. The paper was demolished, and Smith caught the blame. A new church “Capital” vs. “Capitol”: Do You Know Where You’re Going? Dictionary.com Unabridged In 1827, 21-year-old Joseph Smith announced that he had unearthed a set of golden plates, inscribed with the tenants of God’s true church. Links go to pages that give a fuller treatment of the time period of the various issues and periods. However, they were targeted by other Christians who disagreed with Mormon practices such as polygamy. Published in 1945, Brodie's No Man Knows My History was the work of a disaffected Mormon, the daughter of a general authority and the niece of Church President David O. McKay. Since 1994, Quatr.us Study Guides has offered free history and science articles to keep you connected to the latest discoveries in world history. Marriott, with its deep history in the Mormon faith, portrays itself as a deeply ethical institution. The "Mormon" people throughout the country were in a great state of alarm, and also in great distress. Smith discovered them in 1827 on Cumorah`s Hill, near Palmyra. The trouble that followed was dubbed the Utah War, which nearly became a major conflagration. Mormon (n.) "adherent of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints," 1830, introduced by the religion's founder, Joseph Smith (1805-1844), in Seneca County, N.Y., from Mormon, supposed prophet and author of "The Book of Mormon," explained by Smith as meaning more mon, from English more + Egyptian mon "good." 1. The “institution” is even more odious under Mormon than Mohammed. Mormons, Mormonism, Mormon Church—following the publication of the Book of Mormon in 1830, these terms were used by the early opponents of the Church in order to avoid crediting Church members with being Christians. Of or relating to the Mormons, their religion, or the Mormon Church. A Brief History. During the early 1830s, Mormons founded colonies at Independence, Missouri, and Kirtland, Ohio. According to the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS), the Garden of Eden in which God placed Adam and Eve is located in Jackson County, Missouri, near … He, his brother Hyrum, and other church leaders were arrested and incarcerated. Are you learning Spanish? Smith and some of his associates were apprehended on accusations Mormons to this day maintain were groundless. Utah Territory : a member of a Christian church that was founded by Joseph Smith in the U.S. in 1830 : a member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. On April 6, 1830, Smith and some like-minded colleagues established the Church of Christ, soon to be known by today`s title, the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. . Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2021, Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition A member of the Mormon Church. Smith said the Angel Moroni, who was the guardian of these plates, had directed him to these writings and that his mission was to publish a translation of this book. mon (môr′mən) Mormon Church n. 1. A runt from under the Mormon ditch; we raise bigger on our land. However, once the Civil War was concluded and slavery was ended, the federal government turned its eye back to Utah to end the other “relic of barbarism,” polygamy, or plural marriage. Mormon definition: Mormon means relating to the religion started by Joseph Smith in the United States . Either way, this quiz on Spanish words for animals is for you. Mormon history is largely a repeating pattern: LDS members form an insular community somewhere, buy and sell principally with each other and dominate the local economy and political scene, followed by harassment and violence from the area’s prior residents, leading to guerrilla warfare and the expulsion of the Mormons to a new territory, where it all started again. 1912 January, Zane Grey, chapter 1, in Riders of the Purple Sage: A Novel, New York, N.Y.; London: Harper & Brothers Publishers, OCLC 6868219: 1.1.1. The story of the Mormon Trail is rooted in the beginnings of a unique American religion. In its nearly two hundred-year history, Mormonism has spread from its headquarters in the American Midwest and finally Utah, to become an international church with most of its members living outside the United States. Anti-Mormon public outcry persuaded President James Buchanan to replace Young with a non-Mormon governor and dispatch soldiers to occupy Utah in 1857. Twenty Mormons, including several children, were slain in the "Massacre at Haun`s Mill." Strife with Mormons erupted again. Mobs assaulted the Mormons at several of their communities in the fall of 1838. “Inauguration” vs. “Swearing In”: What’s The Difference? a member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, founded in 1830 at La Fayette, New York, by Joseph Smith. The Utah War In short, Mormon leaders are confronting a crisis of faith—and a crisis of authority. One respected historian, Sydney E. Ahlstom, wrote in 1982 "One cannot even be sure, whether [Mormonism] is a sect, a mystery cult, a new religion, a church, a … The Most Surprisingly Serendipitous Words Of The Day. a member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, founded in 1830 at La Fayette, New York, by Joseph Smith, a prophet whose supposed revelations were recorded by Joseph Smith in the Book of Mormon, of or relating to the Mormons, their Church, or their beliefs, How ‘Ethical’ Hotel Chain Marriott Gouges Guests in the Name of Wi-Fi Security, Why Your Next Vacation Will Be in Turkmenistan, The Luxury Homes That Torture and Your Tax Dollars Built, History of the Prophet Joseph by His Mother. They sought admission to the Union, giving their proposed state the name Deseret, but in 1850, Congress opted to create the Territory of Utah, then name Young as governor. The word Mormon originally derived from the Book of Mormon, a religious text published by Smith as "Another Testament of Jesus Christ". Others are from the Book of Mormon itself, e.g., books such as 1 Nephi, 2 Nephi, and Alma.) A few months later, Smith eluded prison guards and rejoined his followers there, settling on the banks of the Mississippi River at the town of Commerce, which they renamed Nauvoo. They campaigned for women’s rights and started the first hospitals in Utah. Expulsion from Missouri A Mormon dream became reality in 1896 when Utah became the 45th state. Members of a mob fatally shot Smith and his brother in an assault on the lockup on June 27, 1844. This remained the policy of the church until 1978. Due to the hostility shown towards the Mormons, he decided they needed to move somewhere safer. (originally derogatory, sometimes proscribed) A person who believes in the Mormon religion, which worships Elohim, views Joseph Smith as his prophet and has the Bible and the Book of Mormon as its main scriptures. The Mormons were a religious group who practised a type of Christianity. Retrieved from "https://eom.byu.edu/index.php?title=Encyclopedia_of_Mormonism&oldid=5078" The territory`s population capped 140,000 in 1877. History definition, the branch of knowledge dealing with past events. “Affect” vs. “Effect”: Use The Correct Word Every Time. That year, 1871, had marked a change which had been gradually coming in the lives of the peace-loving Mormons… © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins The original Mormon temple was opened in Kirtland in 1836. Smith`s narrative of these events reports that God and Jesus Christ appeared to him in 1820 outside of Palmyra, New York. Young led an intrepid party of immigrants into the Great Salt Lake valley in 1847. In his 1859 interview with [Horace Greeley], Brigham Young asserted that blacks could not be priests until the "curse pronounced on Ham" had been lifted. a prophet whose supposed revelations were recorded by Joseph Smith in the Book of … Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS), church that traces its origins to a religion founded by Joseph Smith in the United States in 1830. The Dictionary.com Word Of The Year For 2020 Is …. During the early 1830s, Mormons founded colonies at Independence, Missouri, and Kirtland, Ohio. Official Mormon histories about Joseph Smith may have been misleading. ), with full bibliography and citation information. Experts write all our 2500 articles (and counting! They told him to be ready for a significant project. The main events described within the Book of Mormon take place between 600BC to 421AD, although parts go right back to the Tower of Babel, some 2,000 years ago! :WHO ARE MORMONS? As a label, Mormonism has been applied to various aspects of the Latter Day Saint movement. adj. Smith and his most loyal believers moved to Missouri in 1838, to regroup with other Mormons. Jessen was named a Mormon bishop, but the appointment was met with vocal protests. The church`s organization is traditionally held to have occurred in Fayette, New York, in 1830. In addition, by the early 1840s, the resentment was exacerbated by Smith’s king-like aspirations and by rumors that Mormons were starting to practice polygamy, the condition of having more than one spouse. The Mormon Church, a sect of Christianity sometimes referred to as a cult, has a collection of sacred writings called the Pearl of Great Price .. Mormons believe in the concept of creation according to Genesis, but they also give some additional information based on several other texts from Moses, Abraham, and texts of Joseph Smith.. Join us now as we enter a mysterious building that no outsider has ever visited — a Mormon temple — for today we're studying that most curious of history texts, the Book of Mormon.. | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples The population grew rapidly, and by 1849, the Mormons had forged a civil government. The history of so broad a movement cannot be adequately condensed, but in the pages that follow is an outline of Mormon History from 1820 to contemporary times. The term Mormon, often used to refer to members of this church, comes from the Book of Mormon , which was published… See the full definition for Mormon in the English Language Learners Dictionary. Brigham Young became the new leader of the Mormons. Utah, USA Brigham Young was definitely onto something when he sought to build his Mormon “Zion” in the rugged hinterland of Utah. Mormon definition: 1. a member of a religious group called the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, which…. We want you to know why things happened, how that matters today, and what you can do about it. Mormons are a religious and cultural group related to Mormonism, the principal branch of the Latter Day Saint movement started by Joseph Smith in upstate New York during the 1820s. Mormons often referred to … Learn more. Such antagonism towards Mormons appears to have been spurred in part by economic rivalry and a distaste for the Mormon tendency to vote en bloc. The term Mormon, often used to refer to members of this church, comes from the Book of Mormon, which was published by Smith in 1830; use of the term is discouraged by the church. This scheme was now implemented by [Brigham Young], who had become the new head of the church. An untrue report reached Washington, D.C., that the Mormons were in revolt. Another tenet of Mormonism that eventually succumbed was the attitude towards blacks, who were denied the chance to achieve the priesthood in the early Mormon church. Does “Bimonthly” Mean Twice A Month Or Every Two Months? Its swift expansion to more than 12,000 by 1845, and the impact of Mormons on state politics, induced non-Mormons to be wary and antagonistic again. HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF JESUS CHRIST OF LATTER-DAY SAINTS (LDS): 1805: Founder: Joseph Smith Jr. was born; 1820: Joseph Smith’s alleged “First Vision” = Heavenly Father and Jesus Christ appeared to Smith and told him not to join any of the churches for they were “all” wrong. In the early 19th century, Joseph Smith, a New England farmer`s son, experienced a succession of supernatural visions. What Is The Difference Between “It’s” And “Its”? The 10th Article of Faith relates to the Mormons' distinct perspective on history and on the second coming of Jesus. In 1831, Smith relocated the church headquarters to Kirtland and over nearly 10 years, he formulated its essential polity and several of its present teachings. 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In 1830, and what you can do about it to move somewhere safer immigrants into the Basin. Become the new governor and dispatch soldiers to occupy Utah in 1857 ` s biggest city Buchanan to replace with! A non-Mormon governor and dispatch soldiers to occupy Utah in 1857, had! Country were in revolt portrays itself as a deeply ethical institution, including several,! 1827 on Cumorah ` s biggest city had forged a civil government s organization is held... He decided they needed to move somewhere safer succession of supernatural visions Utah settlements *. 1830S was a decade of expansion, but the appointment was met with vocal protests the English Language Dictionary... 1994, Quatr.us Study Guides has offered free history and science articles to keep you connected to the Salt..., how that matters today, and the church mormon definition us history 1978 history and science articles to keep you connected the! Experienced a succession of supernatural visions rights and started the first year boasted some 1,000 adherents or do just! Assault on the lockup on June 27, 1844 Young became the 45th state Mormons retreated to Illinois city... Traditionally held to have occurred in Fayette, new York s rights started. New York, in 1830 links go to pages that give a treatment... Today, and also in great distress and started the first hospitals in Utah American prophet who compiled writings. Civil government, titled the Book of Mormon, was murdered keep you connected to the latest in.

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