how did joseph smith die
But many have seen him. The watch is displayed in the LDS Church History Museum in Salt Lake City, Utah; the watch was broken and was used to help identify the time of the attack. Ultimately, five defendants—Thomas C. Sharp, Mark Aldrich, William N. Grover, Jacob C. Davis and Levi Williams—were tried for the murders of the Smiths. Shortly after the events occurred, Taylor wrote that he heard that two of the attackers died when Smith shot them with his pistol. To hear Mormons tell the story, Smith did no wrong; for others, he did no right. We have no time for comment, every man will make his own. Joseph fired a pistol into the mob. A public viewing was held on June 29, 1844, after which empty coffins weighted with sandbags were used at the public burial. On Thursday morning, June 27, Cyrus Wheelock went to visit Smith. Saying the blood was that of Hyrum makes more sense. ", Under the Council's new ordinance, Smith, as Nauvoo's mayor, in conjunction with the City Council, ordered the city marshal to destroy the Expositor and its press on June 10, 1844. John Taylor also testified:“Elder Cyrus H. Wheelock came in to … While many Mormons might breathe a sigh of relief that Smith didn’t kill anyone at the jail, this doesn’t explain the fact that Smith apparently wanted to. The brothers were in the Carthage Jail awaiting trial when an armed mob of about 200 men stormed the building, their faces painted black with wet gunpowder. Apostle Pratt wrote of hearing that a “Mr. Ye burning mountains, roll down your lava! Also, listen to the following Viewpoint on Mormonism podcasts: Your generous support makes the work of MRM possible. " On June 25, 1844, Joseph and his brother Hyrum, along with the other fifteen Council members and some friends, surrendered to Carthage constable William Bettisworth on the original charge of riot. There is no escaping the fact that he was guilty of being involved with the destruction of the Expositor, and history has shown that many of the accusations made in the paper regarding Smith’s secret involvement with polygamy were accurate. On June 22, Ford wrote to Smith and the Nauvoo City Council, proposing a trial by a non-Mormon jury in Carthage and guaranteeing Smith's safety. When they arrived, the two checked into a local hotel but were later met by Constable Bettisworth, who placed them under arrest and escorted them to the local jail. Six other associates accompanied the Smiths: John P. Greene, Stephen Markham, Dan Jones, John S. Fullmer, Dr. Southwick, and Lorenzo D. On June 23, a posse under the command of Governor Ford entered Nauvoo to execute an arrest warrant, but they were unable to locate Smith. and collapsed. The day was rainy, and Wheelock used the opportunity to hide a small pepper-box pistol in his bulky overcoat, which had belonged to Taylor. He died almost immediately. Joseph Smith, the founder and leader of the Latter Day Saint movement, and his brother, Hyrum Smith, were killed by a mob in Carthage, Illinois, United States, on June 27, 1844, while awaiting trial in the town jail. I don’t know why the LDS Church removed the glass frame from off of the floor. The majority of Latter Day Saints followed Young; these adherents later emigrated to Utah Territory and continued as the LDS Church. , The Carthage Greys reportedly feigned defense of the jail by firing shots or blanks over the attackers' heads, and some of the Greys even reportedly joined the mob, who rushed up the stairs. This Mormon argues that he was doing no such thing and that this was nothing more than a common expression of the day that made perfect sense since Smith was unarmed when he made the statement. In 1928, Frederick M. Smith, president of the Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (RLDS Church) and grandson of Joseph Smith, feared that rising water from the Mississippi River would destroy the grave site. Conflict over the issues of plurality of wives and other ‘ultraist’ doctrines, including plurality of gods, had grown within the circle of Mormon leaders until an open break occurred in the spring of 1844. Richards, 1844; D&C 135; Oaks and Hill, 1979; Quinn, 1994. Religious founder Joseph Smith killed by mob Joseph Smith, the founder and leader of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (more commonly known as … Townsend, being among those who forced that jail door at Carthage, and was wounded in the arm near the shoulder, from the effects of which he died in about six months.” In that same footnote, Roberts cites some of the information supplied by Oaks and Hill above, including the wounds sustained by Wills, Voras, and Gallaher. Joseph Smith: Joseph Smith was a farm boy from New York who, as members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints believe, was selected by God to be a prophet. Governor Ford was accused of knowing about the plot to kill Smith. Its first and only issue was published June 7, 1844. Smith came from an unremarkable New England family. Alvin’s Life and Death. Smith returned to Nauvoo, spent the night, and in the morning was told that he had to report to Carthage by 10 a.m. In order to have this matter settled, Ford believed that Smith and the others who were originally charged should submit themselves to the constable at Carthage (David Bettisworth) and there await trial. Most of his … In 2010, forensic research by J. Lynn Lyon of the University of Utah and Mormon historian Glen M. Leonard suggested that Taylor's watch was not struck by a ball, but rather broke against a window ledge. There were no bars on this room, and the door was so warped that it would not latch. In his letter Governor Ford also promised Smith and the others that they would “be protected from violence.”. In a letter dated July 22, 1844, Sarah Scott wrote:  Mob members fled, shouting, "The Mormons are coming," although there was no such force nearby.. The judge ordered the Smith brothers to be held in jail until they could be tried for treason, which was a capital offense. Warrants from outside Nauvoo were brought in against Smith and dismissed in Nauvoo courts on a writ of habeas corpus. If you’d like, you can take these two pages out of the magazine, cut out the top and bottom sections, tape the two ends together, and hang the timeline on your wall or bulletin board. All hell, boil over! When Roberts was commissioned by the LDS First Presidency to produce what came to be known as History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (a.k.a., History of the Church, or Documentary History of the Church), he again chose to include Taylor’s remark when this seven-volume set began being published in 1902. The anti-Mormon "Carthage Greys", a local militia, were assigned to protect the Smiths. Twin of Julia, birth son of Julia Clapp Murdock and John Murdock who upon his wife's death in childbirth gave the infants to the Smiths for adoption. After Smith was criticized by some followers, he returned and was reported to have said, "If my life is of no value to my friends it is of none to myself. Joseph Smith sought the help of Illinois Governor Thomas Ford. I shall die innocent, and it shall yet be said of me. Smith returned to Illinois and vowed to join the Whig Party. Smith’s last words were, “Oh Lord my God.” Standing alone these words do not mean much, but Mormon historian Reed C. Durham notes on page 28 of the booklet, The Death of Joseph Smith June 27-28, 2019. All five defendants were acquitted by a jury, which was composed exclusively of non-Mormons after the defense counsel convinced the judge to dismiss the initial jury, which did include Mormons. Joseph Smith was an American religious leader and the founder of Mormonism. I shall die innocent, and it shall yet be said of me—he was murdered in cold blood. The apostle Paul or Joseph Smith? In the preface of volume one (page x) he notes that the manuscript was reviewed by several prominent leaders in the LDS Church, including members of the First Presidency and Council of the Twelve. John Wills was shot in the arm, William Vorhease was shot in the shoulder, and William Gallaher was shot in the face. Both Richards and Taylor survived. T. M. Davis, An Authentic Account of the Massacre of Joseph Smith, The Mormon Prophet and Hyrum Smith, His Brother, together with a brief history of the rise and progress of Mormonism, and all the circumstances which led to their death (St. Louis: Chambers and Knapp, 1844), 7-8, emphasis retained. The newspaper's first (and only) issue was highly critical of Smith and other church leaders, reporting that Smith was practicing polygamy and claiming he intended to set himself up as a theocratic king. This rash decision caused the publishers to go to the nearby town of Carthage to obtain an arrest warrant for Smith and the council, charging them with riot. Taylor and Richards used a long walking stick in order to deflect the guns as they were thrust inside the room, from behind the door. Most of his supporters switched with him, adding political tensions to the social suspicions in which the Mormons were held by the local populace. Violent threats were made against Smith and the Mormon community. It was a typically hot, early summer day in western Illinois when Joseph and Hyrum Smith rode into Carthage to turn themselves in to local authorities. Alvin SMITH was born February 11, 1798, in Tunbridge, Vermont, and died November 19, 1823, in Manchester Township, New York, at the age of 25. Hyrum Smith, the Assistant President of the Church, was intended to succeed Joseph as President of the Church, but because he was killed with his brother, the proper succession procedure became unclear. Thomas C. Sharp, editor of the Warsaw Signal in Warsaw, Illinois, a newspaper hostile to the Mormons, editorialized:.  Apart from Taylor's report of what he had heard, there is no evidence that Wills, Vorhease, Gallaher, or Allen died from their wounds.. Alvin Smith, the eldest of the Smith sons, was born on 11 February 1798 in Tunbridge, Vermont. In a conference message delivered in 1948, Seventy Milton R. Hunter said Smith decided not to flee Nauvoo as a result “of his deep love for the Saints.” Hunter said he returned voluntarily “to give his life as a sacrifice for them” (Conference Report, April 1948, p.31, emphasis mine). Warrants for Smith's arrest were dismissed by Nauvoo courts. It is unlikely that a bloodstain of that size would be located so far away from the window if it was indeed the blood of Joseph. Correspondences, legal affairs, and Church matters were constantly thrust upon Joseph Smith the last few months of his life. Moses, Paul himself saw God the Father and the Son side by side, or that might have been Timothy. Joseph Smith Jr. receives revelation about his father, now found in Doctrine and Covenants Section 4. Smith’s decision to use the smuggled pistol demonstrates that he did not have any intention of voluntarily laying down his life. , Smith's critics said that the action of destroying the press violated freedom of the press. War and extermination is inevitable! , In response to public outrage generated by the Expositor, the Nauvoo City Council passed an ordinance declaring the newspaper a public nuisance which had been designed to promote violence against Smith and his followers. Joseph Smith boasted that he did more than Jesus to keep a church together. However, Charles A. The bodies were cleaned and examined, and death masks were made, preserving their facial features and structures. As mayor of the city of Nauvoo, Illinois, Joseph Smith had ordered the destruction of the facilities used to print the Nauvoo Expositor, a newly established newspaper created by a group of non-Mormons and others who had seceded from the church. Joseph III died at age 82 on December 10, 1914, and has a large posterity. Daniels' account also states that one man tried to decapitate Smith for a bounty, but was prevented by divine intervention. They were led by William Law, a member of the First Presidency since 1841, Wilson Law, a brigadier general in the Legion, Austin Cowles, a member of the Nauvoo High Council, James Blakeslee, a prominent Seventy, and Robert D. Foster, Chauncey Higbee, and Charles Ivins, prominent businessmen. Smith declared martial law on June 18 and called out the Nauvoo Legion, an organized city militia of about 5,000 men, to protect Nauvoo from outside violence.. Again they were acquitted. We all of us felt unusually dull and languid, with a remarkable depression of spirits. In response, Smith (who was also Nauvoo’s mayor) and the Nauvoo city council voted to declare the paper a public nuisance and sent an order to the city marshal that stated, “You are here commanded to destroy the printing press from whence issues the Nauvoo Expositor, and pi [scatter] the type of said printing establishment in the street, and burn all the expositors and libelous handbills found in said establishment” (History of the Church 6:448). , Followers of the Latter Day Saint movement, or Mormons, began to move into Hancock County, Illinois, in 1839; at the time, most supported the Democratic Party. In the 1860s, those who felt that Smith should have been succeeded by Joseph Smith III established the RLDS Church, which later changed its name to the Community of Christ. It has been popularly believed that his pocket watch stopped one shot. Joseph Smith, originally Joseph Smith, Jr., (born December 23, 1805, Sharon, Vermont, U.S.—died June 27, 1844, Carthage, Illinois), American prophet and founder of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.. The destruction of the press led to public outrage, and the Smith brothers and other members of the Nauvoo City Council were charged with inciting a riot. Hands to conduct an excavation to find the Smiths' bodies. ", The Foundation for Apologetic Information & Research, "Chapter IX: The assault upon the prison - The murder of Joseph and Hyrum Smith", List of lynching victims in the United States, William "Froggie" James and Henry Salzner, Thomas Moss, Henry Stewart, Calvin McDowell (TN), Thomas Harold Thurmond and John M. Holmes, Henry Hezekiah Dee and Charles Eddie Moore, Association of Southern Women for the Prevention of Lynching, Emmett Till Unsolved Civil Rights Crime Act, The National Memorial for Peace and Justice, National Museum of African American History and Culture, "The United States of Lyncherdom" (Twain), Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Death_of_Joseph_Smith&oldid=997749344, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2012, Articles needing additional references from June 2017, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 January 2021, at 01:34. Orrin Porter Rockwell arrived with a message from his wife who urged her husband to return and give himself up because several of his followers were accusing him of cowardice. When it was learned that the municipal court had no right to decide such a case, the defendants were then examined by Justice Daniel H. Wells. Absolutely. In a letter dated July 10, 1844, one of the jailers wrote that Smith, expecting the Nauvoo Legion, said, "Don't trouble yourself ... they've come to rescue me. Joseph Smith, Sr., and Lucy Mack were married in 1796 at Tunbridge, Vermont. On November 19, 1918, President Joseph F. Smith died of pneumonia—a lung inflammation caused by the influenza virus. February Joseph Smith Sr. visits Joseph. Joseph Smith Jr. (December 23, 1805 – June 27, 1844) was an American religious leader and founder of Mormonism and the Latter Day Saint movement. Refusing to believe the governor’s promises, Smith made plans to escape capture and flee to the Rocky Mountains. “I am going like a lamb to the slaughter; but I am calm as a summer’s morning. After the Mormons' expulsion from the neighboring state of Missouri during the 1838 Mormon War, Joseph Smith went to Washington, D.C., and met with President Martin Van Buren, seeking intervention and compensation for lost property. A footnote on page 285 of volume two cites the Autobiography of Parley P. Pratt. A member of the mob fired a shot through the door. Typically, these women continued to live with their first husbands, not Smith. Reports are that he survived the fall and was finished off on the ground. ":v6,p549 Smith reluctantly submitted to arrest. Information from Joseph Smith—History, Teachings of Presidents of the Church: Joseph Smith, JosephSmith.net, and History of the Church. :v6,p430 Based on allegations by some of these associates, the newspaper reported that Smith practiced polygamy and that he tried to marry wives of some of his associates. As the mob was approaching, the jailer became nervous, and informed Smith of the group. According to the testimony of John Taylor, Smith commented. “Emily and Eliza Partridge, youthful daughters of deceased church bishop Edward Partridge, had been living in poverty after moving to Nauvoo in early 1840. There was an urgency to keep records even though the circumstances were perilous. Like most stories, the truth lies somewhere in the middle. I afterwards understood that two or three were wounded by these discharges, two of whom, I am informed, died.”. According to Smith, an angel named Moroni directed him to a buried book of golden plates hidden at the Hill Cumorah and as per the instruction of the angel he translated the book and published it as the ‘Book of Mormon’. Iii died at age 25 resulted in his pistol, Smith, Sr., and Fullmer..., Tunbridge, Vermont no time for comment, every man will make own! These women continued to live with their first husbands, not Smith such INFERNAL DEVILS all drank the... 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To members of the law and, in Nauvoo a public viewing was held on June 7 1844... Escaped all harm except for a bounty, but was prevented by intervention!