anhydrous ammonia fact sheet

t?>U�+��1%o�vmm�RjM�{�m��Z��Yx���y@�_Y>)G�������z��F�⪍�q9Γn�����vh�j����$���C�O=���d��V�(� U���Ub_`7�E�I,&3eQӻ. Ammonia vapor, in concentrations of 16-25% volume by weight in air, is flammable, toxic by inhalation and corrosive. • Inhalation exposures:Inhalation of even diluted household ammonia Ammonia easily dissolves in water, and in this form is known as liquid ammonia, aqueous ammonia or ammonia solution. In pure form, it is known as anhydrous ammonia. Exposure to high concentrations in the air causes immediate burning of the eyes, nose, throat and respiratory tract and can result in blindness, lung damage or death. A majority (80%) of all manufactured ammonia is used as agricultural fertilizer, a third of which is directly applied to soil as anhydrous ammonia. For additional information on safe handling of anhydrous ammonia, see OSU Fact Sheet BAE-1723, Anhydrous Ammonia. Ammonia gas is easily compressed and forms a clear liquid under pressure. When released to the environment, though, it becomes a toxic gas. %PDF-1.6 %���� 345 0 obj <> endobj Ammonia is also produced naturally from decomposition of organic matter, including plants, animals, and animal wastes. Synonyms: ammonia, R717, anhydrous ammonia, sprit of hartshorn, ammonia anhydrous. ���&�A�^��� =SS���7p���7��h����/�s�-�/F�����+�$��$�a�HR+�u@i�~���`0Á7�au�Z�o&�*�>[8�۰ [*�����5�vp�j�ojg�ZO��2ܦ.���v� �ڭ��b%�}r�kR�aSo����֧�X��џ���V�H۵����~�_�S�D���Z��J�2��|�۝ϜU��@��mv��6�E��X�����Y��0;z�b��1my�Əkx?�V3��`QK-�p�y]��d�Wc�O�FҊsb�Z�G���G�Q�I��?�.K蜦n�y����*�U��C��dogԾ: ��&>��ad�&����C��K[3��0�-�֙��ӌ�2;Ā��d+D����N[K���� Ammonia is one of the most widely produced chemicals in the United States. This fact sheet was prepared by the Minnesota Department of Agriculture to provide information on some of the State of Minnesota requirements for facilities, which store, handle and use anhydrous ammonia on their premises. In pure form, it is known as anhydrous ammonia. Ammonia is also produced in the human body and is commonly found in nature. ]�A�m�@���%�H͓����,����>�/�����L!mZ�b��*����-U1�H���D�vSA� NO����t;��.�I��є�QOb6]�d�X�)�� ��#r�� �ڰ���)�� ��nP؅����oHr�m�82O{���W�e'q z���:'�e$b�;ưŐ�V�}�B�����/�϶+;����^0��:j�bg��M��]͐�M�d۵"�[�{i��lrP+�{�Q�<2�����C���h�7�ZS겋����N���8C��d�r?Rx'�U`�(|����z�u.��[-#=ά�f�Ve6�O���>R�>( $a!����Ƨ���r;7/)��7Ռ�z�L�{l����� �����=�2 Z�Sn������(��x��^4������yf v0+���G�yb�p�=t��+���ݻ�a What Does Ammoniation Cost? Identification::: Chemical name :ammonia Supplier's details : Ammonia Product use :Synthetic/Analytical chemistry. At minus 28 degrees Fahrenheit (-33 degrees Celsius), ammonia becomes a liquid. As a refrigerant, it can be found at ice works, cold stores and various food processing facilities (e.g. SAFETY DATA SHEET GHS product identifier Other means of identification Product type Section 1. endstream endobj 346 0 obj <. These vapors may spread along the ground or into low-lying areas with poor airflow where people may become exposed. 360 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<9B8A5DBCDC5E114694EDBF524699B48D><11B9D998AB8FD549B67742C06364294A>]/Index[345 26]/Info 344 0 R/Length 78/Prev 61011/Root 346 0 R/Size 371/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream It may aerosolize and behave as a dense gas, even though it is normally lighter than air. %%EOF meat, dairy, processed foods and drinks). It easily dissolves in water to form a solution called Ammonium Hydroxide or Aqueous Ammonia. Exposure to high concentrations of ammonia in air causes immediate burning of the nose, throat and respiratory tract. Anhydrous means without water, therefore anhydrous ammonia denotes pure ammonia without water. Use of Aqueous Ammonia, where possible, is a safer A demonstration of the proper way to tow anhydrous ammonia tanks can be done at the training session. Review the fact sheet "Safe Handling of Anhydrous Ammonia" included with this module. Objective: To learn the necessary safety precautions for towing anhydrous ammonia tanks. Anhydrous ammonia can be found in the DOT Emergency Response Guidebook under Number 125. “Because the vapors hug the ground initially, the chances for humans to … In pure form it is known as anhydrous ammonia and is hygroscopic (readily absorbs moisture). to the fact that it is both water- and lipid-soluble. %%EOF Anhydrous ammonia forms explosive mixtures in air with hydrocarbons, chlorine, fluorine and silver nitrate. Ammonia Fact Sheet for Clinicians Introduction: ... Anhydrous ammonia (NH 3) is a colorless gas with a very sharp odor at low concentrations. Anhydrous ammonia is a highly effective fertilizer that helps farmers feed our growing population and replenish nutrients in the soil. Easy-to-read, question-and-answer fact sheets covering a wide range of workplace health and safety topics, from hazards to diseases to ergonomics to workplace promotion. This guidance is intended to supplement - not replace - the Minnesota Anhydrous Ammonia Rules, Parts 1513. Ammonia has alkaline properties and is corrosive. h�bbd``b`ׁ� �tH�: 6�u��"V��X�%$X,��w:�Pl^����A�20,��_�3� �z] Anhydrous ammonia reacts to form explosive products, mixtures or compounds with mercury, gold, silver, iodine, bromine, silver oxide and silver chloride. AMMONIA FACT SHEET International Headquarters & Laboratory Phone 630 505 0160 WWW.WQA.ORG A not-for-profit organization. Personal protection is the responsibility of both the employer and the employee. 899 0 obj <> endobj In enclosed circulating aqua cultural systems, ammoniacal 0 endstream endobj startxref As a fertilizer, it provides essential nitrogen for plants and is imperative that proper precautions are taken to ensure that it is handled correctly. Anhydrous ammonia corrodes brass valving turning the brass to a blue/green color. “As liquid anhydrous ammonia is released from its container into the air, it expands rapidly, forming a large cloud that acts like a heavier-than-air gas for a period of time,” the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention adds. 0 Anhydrous ammonia is caustic, corrosive, and damaging to tissue high in moisture content when it contacts the human body. CGA G2.1 - 2014 11.5.2 - Each nurse tank must be equipped with the following safety equipment and features: 1. ��b�1ح��E��gn��);��֓'���5�D �[��3��`��]��6E[�ʁ��l�,��O�]��{eW�nn;I u۩@~�4� ���v i,P�k�V׺W�W����Ub��w�a��h�-��@�s�y ��N%�UW�=�ϕY���ƕ��V^LC@�T���V� ��I�԰�*�c6����>>>/Filter/Standard/Length 128/O(��֦��:����V�joI��gi��\)ׁy)/P -1340/R 4/StmF/StdCF/StrF/StdCF/U(x��������mb�"H )/V 4>> endobj 901 0 obj <>/Metadata 24 0 R/Pages 897 0 R/StructTreeRoot 41 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 902 0 obj <>/MediaBox[0 0 612 792]/Parent 897 0 R/Resources<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/Tabs/S/Type/Page>> endobj 903 0 obj <>stream Anhydrous ammonia is considered nonflammable; however, at very high concentrations in air [15-28% (150,000-280,000 ppm)], it will explode if ignited. 916 0 obj <>/Encrypt 900 0 R/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<36D8E5AB2AD9B64086DB6238839F5A59>]/Index[899 46]/Info 898 0 R/Length 85/Prev 222689/Root 901 0 R/Size 945/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream This fact sheet and the Growing Safely Anhydrous video provides tips to help avoid costly injuries or fatalities. A pound of liquid Anhydrous Ammonia will generate 22.5 SCF of ammonia vapor and 45 SCR of dissociated ammonia gas. It is essential in the body as a building block for making proteins and other complex molecules. • Dermal exposures:Concentrated ammonia may produce liquefaction necrosis and deep penetrating burns. how is ammonia converted into a fertilizer? A storage tank is … 944 0 obj <>stream Land transport ADR/RID H.I. In water, most of the ammonia changes to ammonium ions (NH +). Ammonia is irritating and corrosive. endstream endobj startxref The UN Number for anhydrous ammonia is 1005 and is placarded Class 2.2, Nonflammable gas. How Ammonia is Used Ammonia occurs naturally in the environment and is a commonly used industrial chemical. Ammonia gas dissolves easily in water to form ammonium hydroxide, a caustic solution and weak base. FACT SHEET Ammonia CAS Number: 7664-41-7 Office of the Executive Director June 2014 TEXAS COMMISSION ON ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY This fact sheet provides a summary of the Development Support Document (DSD) created by the TCEQ for the development of Regulatory Guidelines (ESLs, AMCVs and ReVs) for ambient exposure to this chemical. What is it?1 Anhydrous Ammonia is a colorless, corrosive and highly irritating gas with a sharp, suffocating odor. Ammonium hydroxide is very volatile and may release anhydrous ammonia as a gas. ammonia is a colorless, pungent-smelling gas and lighter than air. 370 0 obj <>stream Environmentally hazardous substance or mixture. SIZING ANHYDROUS AMMONIA STORAGE TANKS Anhydrous Ammonia liquid weighs approximately 5 pounds per gallon, at 60°F. For first aid purposes, at least 5 gallons of clean water in a container designed to provide ready Because ammonia is a gas at temperatures above –28° F, it is compressed and kept as a liquid in tanks that withstand high pressure for transport and storage. SAFETY DATA SHEET Page : 6 / 7 Revised edition no : 0 Date : 26/ 08 / 2014 Supersedes : 0 / 0 / 0 Ammonia SDS_002_CLP 14 Transport information (continued): 8 : Corrosive substance. Anhydrous ammonia (also called ammonia) consists of nitrogen and hydrogen (NH3). Table 4 gives an example of these costs. Anhydrous ammonia is stored as a liquid under pressure. WQA Technical Fact Sheet: Ammonia increasing pH and temperature of the water. �n Contact with liquid Ammonia can cause frostbite. This flyer is a resource to ensure facilities are aware that ammonia (anhydrous) is a chemical of interest (COI) under the Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards (CFATS). Any individual or facility that possesses 10,000 lb or more of ammonia (anhydrous)—expected to be less than 10% water—must report their chemical holdings to the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA). It is stored and transported as a liquefied gas in pressurized tanks. It is a clear, colourless liquid under pressure. Inhaling Ammonia can irritate the lungs causing coughing and/or shortness of breath. The ammonia then combines with water in the soil to form ammonium (NH4+) ions as depicted in the following equation: %PDF-1.5 %���� Its odor allows it to be noticed at low concentrations. Ammonia is colourless, acrid smelling, high water-soluble gas at room temperature, also referred to as anhydrous (“without water”) ammonia. However, in the presence of moisture (such as high relative humidity), the liquefied anhydrous ammonia gas forms vapors that are heavier than air. 2.3 : Toxic gas. Z�\(8���x�(t�nzP6���w��YԴ�N��������LOJ(��~�ӣI�7�m�"ҹf. 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